St. Swithin

St. Swithin
St. Swithin
    St. Swithin
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Swithin
    (SWITHUN).
    Bishop of Winchester; died 2 July, 862.
    Very little is known of this saint's life, for his biographers constructed their "Lives" long after his death and there is hardly any mention of him in contemporary documents. Swithin was one of the two trusted counsellors of Egbert, King of the West Saxons (d. 839), helping him in ecclesiastical matters, while Ealstan of Sherborne was his chief advisor He probably entrusted Swithin with the education of his son Ethelwulf and caused the saint to be elected to the Bishopric of Winchester in succession to Helmstan. His consecration by Ceolnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury, seems to have taken place on 30 October, 852. On his deathbed Swithin begged that he should be buried outside the north wall of his cathedral where passers-by should pass over his grave and raindrops from the eaves drop upon it.
    More than a century later (931) his body was translated with great pomp to a shrine within the new church erected by Bishop Ethelwulf (d. 984). A number of miraculous cures took place and Swithin was canonized by popular acclamation. In 1093 his remains were again translated to the new church built by Bishop Walkelin. The shrine was destroyed and the Relics scattered in 1538.
    It has often been said that the saint was a Benedictine monk and even Prior of Winchester but there is no evidence for this statement. From the first translation of his Relics in 984 till the destruction of the shrine St. Swithin was the patron of Winchester Cathedral. He is best known from the popular superstition attached to his name and expressed in the following rhyme:
    St. Swithin's day if thou dost rain For forty days it will remain St. Swithin's day if thou be fair For forty days 'twill rain nae mair.
    There have been many attempts to explain the origin of this belief, but none have proved generally satisfactory. A similar belief attaches in France to 8 June, the feast of Sts. Gervasius and Protasius, and to other feasts in different countries (see Notes and Queries, 1885, XII, 137, 253). St. Swithin's feast is kept on 15 July, the date of his first translation, and is retained in the Anglican Calendar.
    The materials for the saint's life will be found in Acta SS., July, I, 321 sqq. See also POTTHAST, Wegweiser, 1588; HUNT in Dict. Nat. Biog., s.v. Swithun; HARDY, Descriptive Catalogue, I (1862), ii, 513 sqq.
    RAYMUND WEBSTER

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Swithin — von Winchester, auch Swithun oder Svithun (* um 800 in Hampshire; † 2. Juli 862 in Winchester) ist der Name eines englischen Heiligen der römisch katholischen Kirche (2. Juli) und der anglikanischen Kirche (15. Juli). Swithin stammte aus einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Swithin, Saint — • Bishop of Winchester (d. 862). One of the two trusted counsellors of Egbert, King of the West Saxons Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Swithin — or Swithun [swith′ən, swith′ən] Saint (A.D. 800? 862?); Eng. prelate: his day is July 15 …   English World dictionary

  • Swithin — (d. 862)    Saint and Bishop.    Little is known of the life of Swithin. He was a Bishop of Winchester and seems to have been an advisor of King Egbert of Wessex. He is known for the legend that if it rains on St Swithin’s Day (15 July), then it… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Swithin — Swith|in, Saint , Swithun →↑Saint Swithin s Day …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • St. Swithin — Swithin von Winchester, auch Swithun oder Svithun (* um 800 in Hampshire; † 2. Juli 862 in Winchester) ist der Name eines englischen Heiligen der römisch katholischen Kirche (2. Juli) und der anglikanischen Kirche (15. Juli). Swithin stammte aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Swithin — /swidh in, swith /, n. Saint, died A.D. 862, English ecclesiastic: bishop of Winchester 852? 862. Also, Swithun. * * * …   Universalium

  • Swithin's Alley —    See Sweeting s Alley …   Dictionary of London

  • SWITHIN, ST. —    bishop of Winchester from 852 to 862; was buried by his own request in Winchester Churchyard, where passers by might tread above his head, and the dews of heaven fall on his grave. On his canonisation, a century after, the chapter resolved to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Swithin’s Day —  (or Swithun’s Day)  St. July 15. According to legend, rain on that day will be followed by forty days of the same …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Swithin — /ˈswɪðən/ (say swidhuhn) noun Saint, died 862 AD, English bishop …  

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