Julian of Speyer

Julian of Speyer
Julian of Speyer
A famous composer, poet, and historian of the thirteenth century, b. at Speyer, d. at Paris about 1250

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Julian of Speyer
    Julian of Speyer
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Julian of Speyer
    A famous composer, poet, and historian of the thirteenth century, b. at Speyer, d. at Paris about 1250 (not in 1285, as is so often stated). He studied at the celebrated University of Paris, and was the musical director at the royal chapel during the reigns of Philip Augustus (1179-1223) and Louis VIII (1223-6) of France. When he resigned to become a member of the newly founded Order of St. Francis is not known. But it is certain that Julian accompanied Brother Simon Angelicus to his native land when the latter was made Provincial of Germany by the General Chapter of Assisi in 1227. It is probable that he was present at the translation of St. Francis at Assisi in May, 1230. Subsequently he again lived in Paris at the great convent of the Minorites, where he was choir-master as well as corrector mensae (in which capacity he superintended the reading in the refectory). He is renowned as a scholar, artist, and a saintly religious. Although, in the Middle Ages, Julian of Speyer was held in high repute as the composer and writer of rhymed offices, he was almost forgotten until the last decade. It is certain that he composed the rhymed Office (technically termed historia in the Middle Ages) of St. Francis of Assisi (written between 23 February, 1229, and 4 October 1235), as well as that of St. Anthony of Padua who was canonized on 30 May, 1232 (composed probably shortly after 1241).
    Both these musical, as well as poetical, masterpieces are still used by the Minorites. The acme of liturgical narrative poems, these works are equally distinguished for the harmony, rhythm, and rhyme of the verses, and for their sublime expressiveness as musical compositions. Of their kind they are unequaled. Only a few sentences in the third nocturn (the antiphons) were written by Pope Gregory IX and the Cardinals; the remainder is all Julian's composition. Even outside the Franciscan Order the rhythmic structure has been often copied, whole verses being frequently taken (especially from the "Historia rhythmica" of St. Francis), and these plagiarisms set to Julian's melodies without any alteration. It is not known how much of the poetical narrative of St. Dominic (d. 1221), used on his feast by both Franciscans and Dominicans, belongs to Julian of Speyer. Some portions at least of the Mass formula of Sts. Francis and Anthony are undoubtedly the musical and poetical composition of Julian. Only in the last decade was Julian recognized as the author of the "Legenda S. Francisci"—partly published in the "Acta SS.", October, II, 548 sqq., and published in full in "Analecta Bollandiana", XXI (1902), 160-202—and of the "Vita ab auctore anonymo" of St Anthony of Padua, printed in the "Acta SS.", June; II, 705 sqq.
    D'ARAULES in Revue Franciscaine, XXIX (Bordeaux, 1899), 214 sqq., IDEM in Voix de St-Antoine (Paris, 1899), 167 sqq.; IDEM, La Vie d e St-Antoine de Padoue par Jean Rigauld, O. F. M (Bordeaux and Brive, 1899); WEIS, Julian von Speier (d. 1285). Forschungen zur Franziscus- und Antoniuskritik, etc. (Munich; 1900); IDEM, Die Chorale Julians von Speier zu den Reimoffizien des Franciskus- und Antoniusfestes (Munich, 1901); D'ALENCON, De Legenda S. Francisci a Fr. Juliano de Spira conscripta (Rome, 1900); Anal. Bolland., XIX (Brussels, 1900), 321 40; XXI (1902), 148 202; FELDER, S. Francisci Ass. et S. Antonii Pat. Offlcia rhythmica. Die liturgischen Reimoffizien, auf die hhl. Franciscus und Antonius, gedichtet und componirt durch Fr. Julian von Speier (d. c. 1250) (Freiburg, 1901); OLIGER in the Archiv. Francisc. Hist., I (Quaracchi, 1908), 45-9.
    Transcribed by Joseph E. O'Connor

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Julian von Speyer — Julian von Speyer, lat. Julianus Teutonicus oder auch Alemannus, frz. Julien de Spire, (* in Speyer in der Pfalz; † um 1250 in Paris in Frankreich) war ein mittelalterlicher Chormeister, Komponist und Dichter aus dem Orden der Franziskaner. In… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julian of Speyer — (died c. 1250), also known as Julian of Spires and Latinized Julianus Teutonicus, was a German Franciscan composer, poet, and historian of the thirteenth century.Born in Speyer, Julian studied at the University of Paris and was the musical… …   Wikipedia

  • Julián de Speyer — Julián de Espira (muerto hacia 1250), también conocido como Julianus Teutonicus, fue un músico, poeta e historiador franciscano alemán del siglo XIII. Nacido en Espira, estudió en París y fue el director musical de la capilla real bajo Felipe… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Julian — ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Namenstage 2 Bedeutung 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Speyer [2] — Speyer (Speier), Hauptstadt des bayr. Regbez. Pfalz, ehedem freie Reichsstadt, an der Mündung des Speyerbachs in den Rhein, Knotenpunkt der pfälzischen Eisenbahnlinien Schifferstadt Germersheim, S. Heidelberg und S. Geinsheim, 103 m ü. M., hat… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Heiliger Julian — Heiliger Julian(us) steht für: Julian von Antinoë († um 304), ägyptischer Märtyrer, siehe Julian und Basilissa Julianus von Brioude, um 304 in Brioude hingerichteter Märtyrer Julian von Cuenca (1127–1208), Bischof von Cuenca Julian von Emesa (†… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geschichte der Stadt Speyer — Speyer, Ansicht nach Braun Hogenberg (1572) Die Geschichte der Stadt Speyer beginnt im Jahr 10 v. Chr. mit der Errichtung des Römerlagers. Der Name Spira, aus dem sich schließlich der heutige Name Speyer entwickelte, taucht erstmals 614 auf. Vor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BIS Baskets Speyer — Gründungsjahr ? Vereinsfarben Blau / Weiß / Gelb Liga …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SG Bad Dürkheim / Speyer — BIS Baskets Speyer Gründungsjahr ? Vereinsfarben Blau / Weiß / Gelb Liga …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Kulturdenkmäler in Sankt Julian — In der Liste der Kulturdenkmäler in Sankt Julian sind alle Kulturdenkmäler der rheinland pfälzischen Ortsgemeinde Sankt Julian einschließlich der Ortsteile Eschenau und Gumbsweiler aufgeführt. Im Ortsteil Obereisenbach sind keine Kulturdenkmäler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”