Septuagesima

Septuagesima
Septuagesima
The ninth Sunday before Easter, the third before Lent known among the Greeks as 'Sunday of the Prodigal'

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Septuagesima
    Septuagesima
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Septuagesima
    (Lat. septuagesima, the seventieth).
    Septuagesima is the ninth Sunday before Easter, the third before Lent known among the Greeks as "Sunday of the Prodigal" from the Gospel, Luke, xv, which they read on this day, called also Dominica Circumdederunt by the Latins, from the first word of the Introit of the Mass. In liturgical literature the name "Septuagesima" occurs for the first time in the Gelasian Sacramentary. Why the day (or the week, or the period) has the name Septuagesima, and the next Sunday Sexagesima, etc., is a matter of dispute among writers. It is certainly not the seventieth day before Easter, still less is the next Sunday the sixtieth, fiftieth, etc. Amularius, "De eccl. Off." , I, I, would make the Septuagesima mystically represent the Babylonian Captivity of seventy years, would have it begin with this Sunday on which the Sacramentaries and Antiphonaries give the Introit "Circumdederunt me undique" and end with the Saturday after Easter, when the Church sings "Eduxit Dominus populum suum." Perhaps the word is only one of a numerical series: Quadragesima, Quinquagesima, etc. Again, it may simply denote the earliest day on which some Christians began the forty days of Lent, excluding Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday from the observance of the fast.
    Septuagesima is today inaugurated in the Roman Martyrology by the words: "Septuagesima Sunday, on which the canticle of the Lord, Alleluja, ceases to be said". On the Saturday preceding, the Roman Breviary notes that after the "Benedicamus" of Vespers two Alleluias are to be added, that thenceforth it is to be omitted till Easter, and in its place "Laus tibi Domine" is to be said at the beginning of the Office. Formerly the farewell to the Alleluia was quite solemn. In an Antiphonary of the Church of St. Cornelius at Compi gne we find two special antiphons. Spain had a short Office consisting of a hymn, chapter, antiphon, and sequence. Missals in Germany up to the fifteenth century had a beautiful sequence. In French churches they sang the hymn "Alleluia, dulce carmen" (Gu ranger, IV, 14) which was well-known among the Anglo-Saxons (Rock, IV, 69). The "Te Deum" is not recited at Matins, except on feasts. The lessons of the first Nocturn are taken from Genesis, relating the fall and subsequent misery of man and thus giving a fit preparation for the Lenten season. In the Mass of Sunday and ferias the Gloria in Excelsis is entirely omitted. In all Masses a Tract is added to the Gradual.
    FRANCIS MERSHMAN
    Transcribed by Paul Soffing In Memory of Frederick Geiger

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Septuagesima — (in full, Septuagesima Sunday), an observance dropped from the calendar as revised by the Second Vatican Council but still in use in the traditional calendars, is the name given to the third from the last Sunday before Lent in the Catholic and… …   Wikipedia

  • septuagesima — (izg. septuagézima) ž DEFINICIJA kat. sedamdesetnica, treća nedjelja prije korizme ETIMOLOGIJA lat. septuagesima (dies): sedamdeseti (dan) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Septuagesima — [sep΄to͞o ə jəjā′zi mə, sep΄tyo͞oə jəjā′zi mə, sep΄to͞o ə jəjes′i mə, sep΄tyo͞oə jəjes′i mə] n. [ME Septuagesme < L, fem. of septuagesimus, seventieth] former name for the third Sunday before Lent: also Septuagesima Sunday …   English World dictionary

  • Septuagesima — Sep tu*a*ges i*ma, n. [NL., fr. L. septuagesimus the seventieth, fr. septuaginta seventy.] (Eccl.) The third Sunday before Lent; so called because it is about seventy days before Easter. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Septuagesĭma — Septuagesĭma, der dritte Sonntag vor der Fastenzeit u. ist ungefähr der 70. Tag vor Ostern (daher der Name S., der siebenzigste). Einige Christen pflegten früher von da an schon zu fasten, andere mit dem folgenden Sonntag, welcher Sexuagesima… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Septuagesĭma — (lat.), der dritte Sonntag vor Aschermittwoch und ungefähr der »siebzigste« Tag vor Ostern, galt, ehe Aschermittwoch dazu bestimmt wurde, als Anfang der Fastenzeit …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Septuagesima — Septuagesĭma (lat.), der 70. (Tag), Name des neunten Sonntags vor Ostern …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • SEPTUAGESIMA — in Ord. Roman. videtur dici posse, propter 70. dies, qui sunt ab ipso die ad Sabbatum ante Octavas Paschae, quo die alba tolluntur vestimenta a nuper baptizatis. Adeoque nomen Dominicae est, 70. diebus Sabbatum ante Dominicam in Albis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • septuagésima — |èpt| s. f. Terceiro domingo antes do primeiro da Quaresma …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Septuagesima — Sep|tu|a|ge|si|ma 〈ohne Artikel〉 neunter Sonntag vor Ostern [<lat. (dies) septuagesima „der 70. (Tag vor Ostern)“] * * * Sep|tu|a|ge|si|ma, die; , selten auch, wenn o. Art.: …mä <meist o. Art.> [mlat. septuagesima, eigtl. = der… …   Universal-Lexikon

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