A titular see and suffragan of Athens in Achaia Prima

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Thermopylae
    A titular see and suffragan of Athens in Achaia Prima. It is the name of a defile about 4 miles long, whose principal passage was barred by a wall, which the Phocidians erected against the Thessalians in the sixth century B.C. It receives its name from two hot springs called today Loutra (the baths). There in the month of July, 480 B.C., Leonidas, King of Sparta, with 1300 Spartan soldiers and allies fell with his men while bravely opposing the enormous army of Xerxes. In 279 B.C. Brennus with 170,000 Gauls penetrated into Greece by this pass; it was there also that Antiochus III, King of Syria, was defeated by the Romans in 191 B.C., and where in A.D. 395 Alaric, King of the Goths, passed on his way to devastate Greece. In the sixth century Justinian restored the fortifications (Procopius, "De aedificiis", IV, 2). After the Latins in 1204 had overthrown the Byzantine Empire, Thermopylae was made a Latin diocese. Many letters from Innocent III, written in 1208 and 1210 to Bishop Arnulfus, are extant. The other bishops from the thirteenth to the sixteenth cenutry are mentioned by LeQuien ("Oriens christianus", III, 847-850; Gams, "Series episcoporum", 431; Eubel, "Hierarchia catholica medii aevi", I, 509; II, 275; III, 332); but many of them were only titulars. The see is referred to shortly after in "Liber censuum" of the Roman Church (ed. Fabre), II, 8; it was never a Greek diocese. Today it is known as Lycostomos on the bank of the Maliac Gulf in the district of Phoiotis. The passage is less difficult than formerly because the alluvium deposited by the Sperchios has caused the sea to recede and has facilitated a road between the waters and the mountain.
    SMITH, Dict. of Greek and Roman Geog., s.v.
    Transcribed by John D. Beetham

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

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  • THERMOPYLAE — angustiae montis Oetae in Thessalia, in Phthiotide regione apud sinum Oetaeum, seu Maliacum, ubi ex Phthiotide in Phocidem transitus est, 25. tantum pedum spatiô, varie indigitatae. Scelos Io. Lydo: Terremotto Bonacciolo; Bocca di lupo Nardo,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Thermopylae — from Gk. thermos hot (see THERMAL (Cf. thermal)) + pylai, plural of pyle gate (see PYLON (Cf. pylon)). In reference to nearby hot sulfur springs …   Etymology dictionary

  • Thermopylae — [thər mäp′ə lē΄] in ancient Greece, a mountain pass in Locris, near an inlet of the Aegean Sea: scene of a battle (480 B.C. ) in which the Persians under Xerxes destroyed a Spartan army under Leonidas …   English World dictionary

  • Thermopylae — /theuhr mop euh lee /, n. a pass in E Greece, between the cliffs of Mt. Oeta and the Gulf of Lamia: Persian defeat of the Spartans 480 B.C. * * * ▪ mountain pass, Greece Modern Greek  Thermopílai,         narrow pass on the east coast of central… …   Universalium

  • Thermopylae —    Narrow pass that provides access from northern Greece into central Greece and the Peloponnesos (qq.v.). It is best known for its famous defense against Xerxes in 480 B.C. In the Byzantine period, Justinian I (q.v.) provided it with a garrison… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Thermopylae — noun A narrow pass on the East central coast of Greece adjacent to the Maliakos Gulf, northwest of Athens. Its name is derived from its hot sulphur springs. It was the site of the Battle of Thermopylae, at which the Spartan King Leonidas stood… …   Wiktionary

  • Thermopylae — noun a famous battle in 480 BC; a Greek army under Leonidas was annihilated by the Persians who were trying to conquer Greece • Syn: ↑battle of Thermopylae • Regions: ↑Greece, ↑Hellenic Republic, ↑Ellas • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitch …   Useful english dictionary

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