Aloys Senefelder

Aloys Senefelder
Aloys Senefelder
    Aloys Senefelder
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Aloys Senefelder
    Principally known as the inventor of lithography, b. at Prague, 6 Nov., 1771; d. at Munich, 26 February, 1834. His father, an actor at the Royal Theatre of Munich, was playing at Prague at the time of the birth of his son. The young Senefelder studied at Munich, and received a scholarship of 120 florins a year for his diligence, which enabled him to study jurisprudence at Ingolstadt. The death of his father in 1791 forced him to cease his studies in order to help support his mother and a family of eight sisters and brothers. After attempting to become an actor, he took up dramatic writing, at which he was at first fairly successful. Because of difficulty in finding a publisher, he tried to devise means for printing his productions himself, and began a series of experiments with etching and copper-plates until he discovered, in 1796, that Kilheim lime-stone could be used for the purpose. He soon found that etching was not necessary, owing to the fact that grease and water do not mix. By his method the marking is done upon the stone with a greasy composition of soap, wax, and lamp-blark, and then the plate is washed over with water, which soaks into the unmarked parts of the stone. The printing ink is I then applied and | adheres only to the marked places, while the water protects the rest of the plate; a number of impressions can then be obtained. This process he called "chemical" printing. The numerous improvements and developments of the art made by him were rewarded in later years by the gold medal of the "Society of Encouragement" of England, the highest medal of the "Polytechnische Verein fur Baiern", the gold honorary medal of the order for Civilverdienst of the Bavarian Crown, and various other prizes.
    In spite of great financial difficulties, continued discouragement, and repeated disappointments, he remained unselfishly devoted to high ideals. In his autobiography (introduction to "Lehrbuch") he expresses the desire that his invention "may bring to mankind manifold benefits and may tend to raise it upon a nobler plane, but may never be misused for an evil purpose. May the Almighty grant this! Then blessed be the hour in which I made my invention!" His principal publication was "Vollstandiges Lehrbuch der Steindruckerei" (Munich and Vienna, 1818). This was translated into French (Paris, 1819), English (London, 1819), and Italian (Naples, 1824).
    ENGELMANN, Lithographie (Leipsig, 1843); NAGLER, Aloys Senefelder and Simon Schmidt als Rivalen (Munich, 1862); SCHLOTKE, Senefelder Album (Hamburg, l871); PFEILSCHMIDT, Aloys Senefelder (Dresden, 1877); RICHMOND, Grammar of Lithography (London, 1885); HOLLAND, Allg. Deutsche Biogr. XXXIV (Leipzig, 1892), 8-23: PENNELL, Lithography and Lithographers (London, 1900); CUMMINGS, Handbook of Lithography (New York, 1904).
    Transcribed by Joseph E. O'Connor

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Aloys Senefelder — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Retrato de Aloys Senfelder por Lorenz Quaglio Johann Aloys Senefelder (6 de noviembre de 1771 Praga 26 de febrero de 1834 Múnich), inventor alemán, descubridor de la litografía en 1796 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aloys Senefelder — Aloys Senefelder, né le 6 novembre 1771 à Prague et mort à Munich le 26 février 1834, est un acteur et auteur dramatique autrichien. Il inventa la technique de la lithographie afin d imprimer son propre travail d auteur. Aloys Senefelder …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aloys Senefelder — noun German printer who invented lithography (1771 1834) • Syn: ↑Senefelder, ↑Alois Senefelder • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lithographer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Senefelder — Alois Senefelder, Porträt Lithographie 1834 Alois Senefelder Denkmal in Solnhofen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Senefelder — noun German printer who invented lithography (1771 1834) • Syn: ↑Alois Senefelder, ↑Aloys Senefelder • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lithographer * * * /zay neuh fel deuhr/, n. Aloys /ah loh yuus, ah loys/, 1771 1834, German inventor of lithography …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aloys — Alois ist ein männlicher Vorname aus dem süddeutschen Raum. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Natürliche Personen 3.2 Fiktive Personen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Senefelder Club — The Senefelder Club is an organisation formed in London in 1909 to promote the craft of art reproduction by the process of lithography. The club was named in honour of Aloys Senefelder, who in 1771 invented the lithographic process.The process… …   Wikipedia

  • Aloys — Alois Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aloïs. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Alois est un prénom notamment porté (ou ayant été porté) par : Alois Brunner, criminel de guerre nazi… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Senefelder — Senefelder, Aloys, der Erfinder des Steindrucks, geb. 6. Nov. 1771 in Prag, gest. 26. Febr. 1834 in München, betrat anfangs die Bühne und versuchte sich auch als Theaterschriftsteller. Später bestrebte er sich, den Druck von Musiknoten möglichst… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • SENEFELDER (A.) — SENEFELDER ALOYS (1771 1834) Au cours de la seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle, la nécessité de reproduire les images plus commodément que par la gravure, seul procédé connu jusqu’alors, se fit de plus en plus impérieuse. Depuis 1750, de nombreux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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