Caesarea Philippi

Caesarea Philippi
Caesarea Philippi
    Caesarea Philippi
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Caesarea Philippi
    A Greek Catholic residential see, and a Latin titular see, in Syria. The native name is unknown; under Antiochus the Great it bore already the Greek name Panion owing to a grotto concecrated to Pan's worship. It was given (20 B.C.) by Augustus to Herod, who built there a magnificent temple in honour of the emperor. Soon after, the tetrach Philip embellished it and dedicated it to his imperial protector Tiberius, whench its new name Caesarea Philippi or Caesarea Paneas. Near this city took place the confession of St. Peter (Matt., xvi, 13-20). There lived the Haemorrhoïssa (Matt., ix, 20); according to Eusebius she set up before her house a bronze monument representing her cure by Jesus; in this group Julian the Apostate substituted his own statue for that of Christ.
    Caesarea was at an early date a suffragan of Tyre in Phoenicia Prima. Five bishops (to 451) are mentioned by Lequien (II, 831), the first of whom, St. Erastus (Rom., svi, 23), is obviously legendary. After the town's capture by the crusaders (about 1132) a Latin see was established there; four titulars are mentioned in Lequien (II, 1337); they must not be confounded with those of Panium, another see in Thracia. The modern name is Banias, a little village on a pleasing site, 990 feet above the level of the sea, at the foot of Mount Hermon, and forty-five miles south-west of Damascus, capital of the vilayet. The landscape is splendid, and the country very fertile, owing to the abundance of water. One of the main sources of the Jordan rises in the grotto of Pan, now partly blocked up and serving as a cattle shed. Among the rooms are many columns, capitals, sarcophagi, and a gate. The ancient church of St. George serves as a mosque. The citadel is partly preserved and is considered the most beautiful medieval ruin in Syria. Since 1886 Banias has been the see of a Greek Catholic (Melchite) bishop, with about 4000 faithful and 20 priests. Its first titular, Monseigneur Géraïgiry, built a number of churches and 26 schools; the residence of the bishop is near Banias at Gedaïdat-Margyoum.
    WILSON, Lands of the Bible, II, 175 sq.; THOMSON, The Land and the Book, 228 sq.; GUÉRIN, La Galilee, II, 308 sq.
    Transcribed by Matthew Reak

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Caesarea Philippi — Not be confused with Caesarea Maritima, on the Mediterranean, or the town Caesarea in Israel, or with Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia. Caesarea Philippi The ruins of Caesarea Philippi …   Wikipedia

  • Caesarea Philippi — Die Quelle des Banyas mit der Pangrotte im Hintergrund. Banyas, auch Banjas oder Banias (hebr.: בניס; arabisch ‏بانياس‎, DMG Bānyās) bezeichnet einen der drei Quellflüsse des Jordan (auch Hermonfluss oder Nahal Hermon genann …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caesarea Philippi (Titularbistum) — Caesarea Philippi (ital.: Cesarea di Filippo) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf ein ehemaliges Bistum der antiken Stadt Banyas am Fuß des Hermongebirges am nördlichen Ende der israelisch besetzten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caesarea Philippi — An inland city on the River Jordan at the foot of Mount Hermon where Herod the Great built a temple to Caesar Augustus, who had given him the city. Formerly called Panion, the city was named after the emperor by Herod s son, Philip the tetrarch,… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Caesarea Philippi — geographical name city of ancient Palestine SW of Mt. Hermon; site at modern village of Baniyas ˌba nē ˈyas in SW Syria …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Caesarea Philippi — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Philippi (Begriffsklärung) — Philippi [fiˈlɪpi] ist der Name folgender Orte: Philippi, antike Stadt und Festung in Makedonien Schlacht bei Philippi im Jahr 42 v. Chr. Philippi (Titularerzbistum), ein Titularerzbistum Caesarea Philippi, antike Stadt in Jordantal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caesarea (disambiguation) — Caesarea, a city name derived from Caesar , was the name of numerous cities and locations in the Roman Empire, many of which beat bear different names at present (or might have had alternate names also in the Roman period itself). Among them:*… …   Wikipedia

  • Caesarea Phillippi — Caesarea Philippi was an ancient city located at the southern end of Mount Hermon. It is mentioned in the gospels of Matthew (16:13) and Mark (8:27), and numerous times in Acts. The city was located within the region known as the Panion (the… …   Wikipedia

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