Canonical Erection of a Monastery

Canonical Erection of a Monastery
Canonical Erection of a Monastery
    Canonical Erection of a Monastery
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Canonical Erection of a Monastery
    A religious house (monastery or convent) is a fixed residence of religious persons. It supposes, therefore, continuous habitation of a community strictly so called, governed by a superior and following the rule prescribed by the respective order. Such a religious house is to be distinguished from a grange or farm, from a villa or place of recreation, and from a hospice or place for the reception of travelling religious. The conditions for the legitimate erection of a monastery are:
    ♦ the permission of the Holy See. This is certain for countries subject to the Decree "Romanos Pontifices" (i.e. the United States, England, etc.); it is also required for Italy. Outside of Italy and missionary countries generally, the question is much disputed by canonists;
    ♦ the assent of the ordinary. This condition was approved by the Council of Chalcedon in 451, and was in force as late as the twelfth century. In the thirteenth, the privileges of the mendicant orders caused frequent derogations from the law, but the ancient discipline was restored by the Council of Trent (Sess. XXV, de Reg., cap. iii). This permission cannot be given by the vicar-general nor by the vicar-capitular. Before the bishop gives his assent, he should make himself acquainted with the opinions of those to whom such a monastery might prove a detriment, as the superiors of other religious orders already established there, or the people of the place. The parish priest cannot object, unless it is intended to confer parochial rights on the new religious house;
    ♦ there must be a proper provision for the sustenance of twelve religious, otherwise they must live under the jurisdiction of the ordinary. This last condition does not, however, apply to countries where the "Romanos Pontifices" is in force. For the transfer of a monastery from one site to another in the same locality, no permission of the Holy See is required, as this is translation, not erection. There was an ancient law that a new monastery could not be erected within a certain distance from an older one, but it has gone into desuetude. As regards convents of religious women, the assent of the ordinary is required, but not that of the Holy See. The same holds for the erection of houses of pious congregations and institutes.
    BACHOFEN, Compendium Juris Regularium (New York, 1903; TAUNTON, The Law of the Church (St. Louis, 1906), s.v. Monastery; VERMEERSCH, De Religiosis Institutis, I (Bruges, 1902).
    WILLIAM H.W. FANNING
    Transcribed by Bobie Jo M. Bilz

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Canonical erection of a monastery — The conditions for canonical erection of a monastery, in the Roman Catholic Church, are laid down in canon law. A religious house (monastery or convent) is a fixed residence of religious persons. It supposes, therefore, continuous habitation of a …   Wikipedia

  • Monastery, Canonical Erection of a — • Details the conditions for the legitimate erection of a monastery Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nuns — • Females consecrated to God by religious vows Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nuns     Nuns     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cathedral — • The chief church of a diocese Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cathedral     Cathedral     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Convent — • (1) A religious community of either sex when spoken of in its corporate capacity (2) The buildings in which resides a community of either sex Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Convent     Convent …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Downside Abbey — • Near Bath, Somersetshire, England, was founded at Douai, Flanders, under the patronage of St. Gregory the Great, in 1605 by the Venerable John Roberts Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Downside Abbey     Downside Abbey …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Society of the Holy Name —     Society of the Holy Name     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Society of the Holy Name     (Confraternity of the Most Holy Name of God and Jesus).     An indulgenced confraternity in the Catholic Church. The primary object of the society is to beget …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Blessed Margaret Colona —     Blessed Margaret Colona     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Blessed Margaret Colona     Poor Clare, born in Rome, date uncertain; died there, 20 September, 1284. Her parents died in Rome when she was still a young girl, and she was left to the care …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur — Santa Maria is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. According to the 2007 census final count, it has a population of 28,002 people.BarangaysSanta Maria is politically subdivided into 33 barangays. * Ag agrao *… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious Life — • Overview and evangelical ideas on what makes up religious life Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Religious Life     Religious Life      …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”