Ercole Gonzaga

Ercole Gonzaga
Ercole Gonzaga
    Ercole Gonzaga
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Ercole Gonzaga
    (Hercules.)
    Cardinal; b. at Mantua, 23 November, 1505; d. 2 March, 1563. He was the Son of the Marquess Francesco, and nephew of Cardinal Sigismondo Gonzaga (1469-1525). He studied philosophy at Bologna under Pomponazzi, and later took up theology. In 1520, or as some say, 1525, his uncle Sigismondo renounced in his favour the See of Mantua; in 1527 his mother Isabella brought him back from Rome the insignia of the Cardinalate. Notwithstanding his youth, he showed great zeal for church reform, especially in his own diocese; and in this he received help and encouragement from his friend Cardinal Giberti, Bishop of Verona. His mode of life was stainless and a manuscript work of his, "Vitae Christianae institutio", bears witness to his piety. He published a Latin catechism for the use of the priests of his diocese and built the diocesan seminary, thus carrying out reforms urged by the Council of Trent, as his friends Contarini, Gilberti, Caraffa, and other bishops had done or were doing, even before the council had assembled. His charity was unbounded, and many young men of talent and genius had their university expenses paid by him. The popes employed him on many embassies, e.g. to Charles V in 1530. Because of his prudence and his business-like methods, he was a favourite with the popes, with Charles V, and Ferdinand I, and with the Kings of France, Francis I and Henry II. From 1540 to 1556 he was guardian to the young sons of his brother Federico II who had died, and in their name he governed the Dutchy of Mantua. The elder of the boys, Francesco died in 1550 and was succeeded by his brother Guglielmo. In the conclave ( see Conclave ) of 1559 it was thought he would certainly be made pope; but the Cardinals would not choose as pope a scion of a ruling house. In 1561 Pius VI named him legate to the Council of Trent, for which he had from the beginning laboured by every means at his command, moral and material. In its early stages, owing to the fact that not a few considered he was in favour of Communion under both kinds, he met with many difficulties, and interested motives were attributed to him. Nothing but the express wish of the pope could have persuaded him to remain at his post, and the energy he displayed was unwearied. He contracted fever at Trent, where he died, attended by Father Lainez. His benefactions to the Jesuit college at Mantua and to the Monte di Pieta were very great, and his letters are invaluable to the historian of that period.
    U. BENIGNI
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ercole Gonzaga — Biographie Naissance 23 novembre 1505 à Mantoue …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ercole Gonzaga — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ercole (Hércules) Gonzaga, (Mantua 23 de noviembre de 1505, Trento, 2 de marzo de 1563), Cardenal de la Iglesia Católica, Obispo de Mantua y de Tarazona. Biografia Hijo de Francesco II Gonzaga y de Isabella d Este… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ercole Gonzaga — (23 November1505 2 March 1563) was an Italian Cardinal.Born in Mantua, he was the son of the Marquess Francesco Gonzaga, and nephew of Cardinal Sigismondo Gonzaga. He studied philosophy at Bologna under Pomponazzi, and later took up theology.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ercole II. d'Este — Ercole II. d’Este Ercole II. d’Este (* 4. April 1508 in Ferrara; † 3. Oktober 1559 ebenda) war der älteste Sohn Alfonsos I., des Herzogs von Ferrara, Modena und Reggio, und Lucrezia Borgias. Er folgte seinem Vater am 31. Oktober 1534 als Herzog… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole I. d'Este — Ercole I. d’Este Ercole I. d’Este (* 26. Oktober 1431 in Ferrara; † 15. Juni 1505 ebenda) war eines der ehelichen Kinder Niccolòs III. d’Este, des Markgrafen von Ferrara, Modena und Reggio. Er folgte seinem Halbbruder Borso d’Este am 20. August… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara — Ercole I d Este, possibly by Dosso Dossi (Galleria Estense, Modena) Ercole I d Este (26 October 1431 – 15 June 1505) was Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505. He was a member of the house of Este. He was nicknamed North Wind and the Diamond.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Ercole II. d’Este — (* 4. April 1508 in Ferrara; † 3. Oktober 1559 ebenda) war der älteste Sohn Alfonsos I., des Herzogs von Ferrara, Modena und Reggio, und der Lucrezia Borgia. Er folgte seinem Vater am 31. Oktober 1534 als Herzog n …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gonzaga, Ercole — • Cardinal; b. at Mantua, 23 November, 1505; d. 2 March, 1563 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ercole I. d’Este — (* 26. Oktober 1431 in Ferrara; † 15. Juni 1505 ebenda) war eines der ehelichen Kinder Niccolòs III. d’Este, des Markgrafen von Ferrara, Modena und Reggio. Er folgte seinem Halbbruder Borso d’Este am 20. August 1471 als Herzo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ercole III d'Este, Duke of Modena — Ercole III Rinaldo d Este (november 22, 1727 october 14, 1803) was Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1780 to 1796. He was a member of the House of Este.BiographyHe was born in Modena, the son of Duke Francesco III and Charlotte Aglae, daughter of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”