Fossombrone (Forum Sempronii)

Fossombrone (Forum Sempronii)
Fossombrone (Forum Sempronii)
    Fossombrone (Forum Sempronii)
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Fossombrone (Forum Sempronii)
    Diocese in the province of Pesaro, Italy, a suffragan of Urbino. The ancient Forum Sempronii took its name from Caius Sempronius Gracchus. The city and its environs abound in antiquities, especially inscriptions. Noteworthy remains are the statue of the god Vertumnus; the Furlo Pass, constructed by the Emperor Vespasian (70-76) to shorten the passage of that mountain; and the bridge of Trajan (115) near Calmazzo, and that of Diocletian (292), both over the Metaurus. Near the Furlo Pass, during the Gothic War, was fought (552) the battle of Petra Pertusa (the pierced rock), in which Totila was overcome by the Byzantine general, Narses. Fossombrone was included in the Donation of Pepin, but remained subject to the Duchy of Spoleto until 1198, when it passed under papal rule. It was then held in fief of the Holy See by different families: by the house of Este (1210-28), the Malatesta (1340-1445), the Montefeltro (of Urbino, 1445-1631); from 1500 to 1503 it acknowledged the rule of Caesar Borgia.
    Christianity was introduced there, according to Ughelli, by St. Felicianus of Foligno. The martyrologies mention several martyrs: Aquilinus, Geminus, Gelasius, Magnus and Donata, also a bishop, Timothy, and his daughter (4 February). The first bishop of certain date is Innocent, present at the synods of Pope Symmachus (504). Other noteworthy bishops were: Fulcuinus (1086), present at the Council of Salona as legate of Gregory VII to receive the oath of fidelity to the Holy See from Demetrius, King of Dalmatia; St. Aldebrando Faberi (1119), who died at the age of 118 years; Blessed Riccardo (date uncertain); Addo Ravieri (1379), poet and littérateur; Paul of Middelburg (1494), of German origin, a skilful mathematician, and author of a work on the computation of Easter; Giacomo Guidiccioni (1524), a famous poet and writer; Cardinal NicolÒ Ardinghelli (1541), who left an important correspondence; Giulio Aloisini (1808), internuncio in Russia. The diocese has 20,050 inhabitants, 40 parishes, 1 educational institution, a Capuchin convent, and three religious houses of women.
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • FORUM Sempronii — Strab. l. 5. p. 227. Plin. l. 3. c. 14. et al. Fossumbron, Fossombrone, Fossombruno, urbs Umbriae Episcopal. sub Archiep. Urbinate, inde 10. mill. pasl. distans, ad Metaurum fluv. in Ducatu Urbinate, inter Fanum 15. et Callium in Austr. 10. mill …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Fossombrone — Vorlage:Infobox Gemeinde in Italien/Wartung/Wappen fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fossombrōne — Fossombrōne, Stadt am Metauro in der päpstlichen Legation Urbino Pesaro; Bischof; bester Seidenbau (Setta della Marca) in Italien, Reste eines alten Theaters u. einer Brücke; 5500 Ew. In der Nähe der Monte d Asdrubale, wo Hasdrubal geschlagen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fossombrōne — Fossombrōne, Stadt in der ital. Provinz Pesaro Urbino, Kreis Urbino, in einer Talenge am Metauro, an der Straße von Fano nach Rom (der alten Via Flaminia), die weiter südlich den Paß von Furlo (s.d.) überschreitet, Bischofssitz, hat eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fossombrone — Fossombrone, das alte Forum Sempronii, Stadt in der päpstl. Delegation Urbino und Pesaro, mit schöner Kathedrale, 4500 E., welche vorzügl. Seide (Seta della marca) ziehen; röm. Alterthümer …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Fossombrone — Infobox CityIT official name = Comune di Fossombrone img coa = Fossombrone Stemma.png img coa small = image caption = region = RegioneIT|sigla=MAR province = ProvinciaIT (short form)|sigla=PU (PU) mayor = mayor party = elevation footnotes =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sempronii forum — (a. Geogr.), Municipalstadt in. Umbrien, an der Flaminischen Straße; j. Fossombrone …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Forum — (lat.), bei den alten Römern ein für Marktverkehr, Gerichtsverhandlungen und Volksversammlungen bestimmter öffentlicher Platz. Man unterschied Fora civilia für öffentliche Versammlungen und Gerichtsverhandlungen und F. venalia für den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maurentius, S.S. — S. S. Maurentius et 4 Soc. M. M. (31. August). Der hl. Maurentius, ein Schüler des hl. Paternianus, des ersten Bischofs von Fano (Fanum Fortunae), lebte nach der Legende anfänglich in Gemeinschaft mit diesem, dann als Vorstand einer kleinen… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Richardus (22) — 22Richardus (7. Aug.), ein Tertiar der Franciscaner und Bischof von Fossombrone (Forum Sempronii) in Umbrien, wird von Artur als »Seliger« angeführt. Nach Sintzel stammte der selige Richardus von einem edeln Geschlechte ab, zeichnete sich aber… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

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