Hieronymus Fabricius

Hieronymus Fabricius
Hieronymus Fabricius
    Hieronymus Fabricius
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Hieronymus Fabricius
    (Surnamed ab Aquapendente).
    Distinguished Italian anatomist and surgeon, b. in the little town of Acquapendente (Aquæ-Taurinæ), twelve miles from Orvieto, in 1537; d. at Padua, 21 May, 1619. He is known by the name of his birthplace to distinguish him from his contemporary, the great German surgeon Fabricius Hildanus. In English medical literature Fabricius is best known as the teacher of Harvey, who gives him the entire credit for the discovery of the valves in the veins which meant so much for Harvey's own discovery of the circulation of the blood. Some valves in the veins, however, had been seen and described by investigators before this, probably even by Erasistratus in ancient times. It was Fabricius' merit that he recognized the existence of a system of valves.
    Sent by his parents to the University of Padua, Fabricius succeeded admirably in Greek, Latin, and philosophy. When he took up medicine he became the favourite pupil of Fallopius, being his demonstrator in anatomy at Padua when scarcely twenty. Though he was only twenty-five when Fallopius died, Fabricius was chosen his successor and a little later became professor of surgery, occupying both chairs for nearly half a century (1562-1609). His abilities were properly appreciated by the Senate of Venice, which built for him at Padua a spacious anatomical theatre bearing his name. He was created a Knight of St. Mark, and his annual salary was a thousand crowns, which was continued for ten years after his resignation. A statue was erected to his memory in Padua after his death. Fabricius was indifferent to money, refused regular fees, and accepted only such presents as wealthy patients forced on him. His work on anatomy (500 fol. pp.) is illustrated by hundreds of figures on sixty-one full-page plates, some of the best ever made. A monograph on the speech of brutes and a study of the comparative anatomy of the appendix are suggestive even for modern readers. His work on surgery is scarcely less valuable than that on anatomy and has gone through twenty editions in many languages. His principal works are: "De visione, voce, auditu" (Venice, 1600); "De brutorum loquelâ" (Padua, 1603); "De formato foetu" (Venice, 1600); "De locutione" (Venice, 1627); "Tractatus anatomicus triplex" (Frankfort, 1614). All his other works were reprinted at Frankfort shortly after this time, and all his works at Leipzig in 1687.
    FISHER in Annals of Anatomy and Surgery (Brooklyn, 1880); FOSTER, History of Physiology (New York, 1901); THULIUS, Funus Hieronymi Fabricii (Padua, 1619); ROMITI, Il merito anatomico di Fabrizi in Lo Sperimentale (1883), April; DE RENZI, Storia della Medicina in Italia (Naples, 1845-49).
    Transcribed by Thomas J. Bress

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Hieronymus Fabricius — Infobox Scientist name = Hieronymus Fabricius box width = image width =220px caption =Girolamo Fabrizi d Acquapendente birth date = May 20 1537 birth place = Acquapendente death date = May 21 1619 death place = residence = citizenship =… …   Wikipedia

  • Hieronymus Fabricius — Girolamo Fabrizi d Acquapendente Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fabricius. Girolamo Fabrizi d Acquapendente. Hieronymus Fabrici …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hieronymus Fabricius — Girolamo Fabrizi d Acquapendente. Girolamo Fabrizio, auch Fabrizio d Acquapendente, (* 20. Mai 1537 in Acquapendente; † 21. Mai 1619 in Padua) war ein bedeutender Anatom und der Begründer der modernen Embryologie. Die latinisierte Form seines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HIERONYMUS Fabricius ab Aquapendente — Anatomicus celeberrimus, sec. praet …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente — Girolamo Fabrizi d Acquapendente. Girolamo Fabrizio, auch Fabrizio d Acquapendente, (* 20. Mai 1537 in Acquapendente; † 21. Mai 1619 in Padua) war ein bedeutender Anatom und der Begründer der modernen Embryologie. Die latinisierte Form seines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fabricius — ( la. smith, de. Schmied, Schmidt) may refer to:* Carel Fabricius (1622 1654), painter * David Fabricius (1564 1617), German theologian and astronomer, discoverer of the variable star Mira * Georg Fabricius (1516 1571), German poet, historian and …   Wikipedia

  • Fabricius — (humanistische Latinisierung v. Schmied) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andreas Fabricius (1528–1577), evangelischer Theologe August Fabricius (1825–1890), deutscher Beamter, Statistiker und Politiker Balthasar Fabricius (1478–1541),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fabricius — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fabricius es el apellido de: David Fabricius, teólogo luterano y astrónomo alemán del siglo XVI. Guilelmus Fabricius Hildanus, nombre latinizado del cirujano alemán del siglo XVI Wilhelm Fabry. Hieronymus Fabricius,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hieronymus — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Hieronymus imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = meaning = Sacred name region = origin = related names = footnotes = Hieronymus comes from the Ancient Greek and means sacred name. It may refer to several… …   Wikipedia

  • Fabricius — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom de Fabricius a été porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Carel Fabricius (1622 1654), peintre néerlandais ; David… …   Wikipédia en Français

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