Diocese situated in New South Wales, Australia, in the ecclesiastical Province of Sydney

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Bathurst
    Diocese situated in New South Wales, Australia, in the ecclesiastical Province of Sydney, comprises the territory immediately west of the Dividing Range; it extends north to the Barwon River, is bounded on the west by the Macquarie River as far up as Warren and thence by a line to the Lachlan River twenty miles below Eauabolong.
    Bathurst (population in 1901, 9,223) was founded in 1824. Owing to the hostility of the aboriginals and other causes, population filtered slowly into the rich Bathurst plains till the first paying goldfield was discovered in the district, in 1851. The first church in Bathurst, says Cardinal Moran, "was nothing better than a bark hut". It was superseded in 1861 by a fine new edifice (now the cathedral), which was erected at a cost of £12,000 by Dean Grant, pastor of Bathurst for nearly twenty years till his death in 1864. In 1865 Bathurst, then part of the Diocese of Sydney, was made the cathedral centre of a new diocese, which extended from the River Murray to Queensland, and from the Blue Mountains to the border of South Australia. That vast and sparsely populated territory was divided at the time into five missions, ministered to by six priests, with seven small churches and six state-aided Catholic schools, attended by 492 pupils. Its first bishop was the Right Rev. Matthew Quinn, who had taken an active part in organizing the Irish Brigade that fought for the defence of the Papal States in 1860. He was consecrated in Dublin, 14 November, 1865, and reached Bathurst 1 November, 1866, accompanied by five priests and seven pioneer Sisters of Mercy. Years of toilsome organization followed — laborious visitations; opening new missions and supplying them with clergy; church, school, and convent extension; the introduction of the (Australian) Sisters of St. Joseph and the Patrician Brothers; the founding of a Catholic newspaper, the "Record"; the erection of St. Stanislaus' College, in 1873, at a cost of £15,000, and of St. Charles' Ecclesiastical Seminary eight years later. Dr. Quinn was a man of great energy, deep piety, cultivated intellect, and, says Cardinal Moran, was one of the "foremost champions of religious education in Australia". At his death 16 January, 1885, there were in the diocese 28 priests, 56 Catholic schools, 21 convents, 192 nuns, and 5 religious brothers. Dr. Quinn was succeeded by the Right Rev. Joseph Patrick Byrne (consecrated 9 August, 1885). In 1887 the new Diocese of Wilcannia was formed out of the Bathurst Diocese. At the same time some districts from the Maitland diocese were added to the Bathurst jurisdiction. Dr. Byrne, says Cardinal Moran, "strenuously and successfully carried on the great work of education and religion begun by his predecessor", and, like him, was "a model to his clergy in his unwearying and self-sacrificing toil". St. Stanislaus' College, which from its foundation had been under the control of secular priests, was in 1888 entrusted to the Vincentian Fathers. It is now (1907) one of the foremost educational institutions in Australia, and noted for the work done in its well-equipped physical and chemical laboratories. When pronounced to be stricken by an incurable malady, Dr. Byrne received from his priests and people, on the Epiphany, 1901, a pathetic demonstration of affection, accompanied by a money gift of £2,530. He passed away on the 12th of January, 1901. To him succeeded the Right Rev. John Dunne — builder, missioner, organizer — who was consecrated 8 September, 1901. He is to complete the architecturally fine college of St. Stanislaus, and under his administration the missionary and scholastic traditions of the diocese are well sustained. The efficiency of the Catholic schools is in no small measure due to the system of inspection inaugurated by the Rev. J. J. Brophy, D. D., LL. B. The principal lay benefactors of the diocese are Mr. James Dalton, K.S.G., and Mr. John Meagher, K.S.G.
    In the diocese there are: 18 parochial districts; 89 churches; 29 secular priests; 7 regular priests; 7 religious brothers; 242 nuns; 1 college; 8 boarding schools for girls; 11 day high schools; 39 primary schools (with 3,496 pupils); 1 orphanage; 4,298 children in Catholic schools; and a Catholic population of about 27,000.
    Moran, History of the Catholic Church in Australasia (Sydney, s. d.); Hutchinson, Australasian Encyclopaedia (London, 1892); The Australian Handbook (Sydney, 1906); Australasian Catholic Directory for 1907 (Sydney, 1907); Report of the Catholic Schools in the Diocese of Bathurst for the Year 1906 (Dubbo, 1907); Missiones Catholicae (Propaganda, Rome, 1907), 694.
    Transcribed by Susan Birkenseer

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bathurst — may refer to:Places;In Australia: * Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia and the following things associated with the city ** Bathurst Regional Council, the local government area for the Bathurst urban area and rural surrounds ** Electoral… …   Wikipedia

  • Bathurst — steht für: Orte: eine Stadt in Australien, siehe Bathurst (New South Wales) eine Stadt in der kanadischen Provinz New Brunswick, siehe Bathurst (New Brunswick) bis 1973 der Name der gambischen Stadt Banjul eine Stadt in Südafrika, siehe Bathurst… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bathurst [1] — Bathurst (spr. Bäthörst), alte englische Familie, wanderte mit Wilhelm dem Eroberer aus der Normandie ein u. theilte sich in 2 Linien, eine mit Lords , die andere mit Baronetstitel. Merkwürdig: 1) Ralph, geb. 1620 zu Howthorpe in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bathurst [2] — Bathurst (spr. Bäthörst), 1) Niederlassung auf der Insel St. Mary B., unweit der Mündung des Gambia an der WKüste von Afrika, 1816 von den Engländern gegründet; wegen des sumpfigen Bodens höchst ungesund; hier Sitz des englischen Gouverneurs u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bathurst —   [ bæθəːst],    1) Stadt im Bundesstaat New South Wales, Australien, rd. 220 km westlich von Sydney, am Macquarie River, 24 600 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz;   Wirtschaft:   Mittelpunkt eines agrarisch intensiv genutzten Gebietes sowie… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bathurst [1] — Bathurst (spr. bäthörst), Division der britisch afrikan. Kapkolonie an der Südostküste, 1484 qkm groß, mit 9187 Einw. (1833 Weiße, 7081 Bantu), die bedeutenden Ackerbau, Vieh und Straußenzucht betreiben. Der gleichnamige Hauptort mit 394 Einw.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bathurst [2] — Bathurst (spr. bäthörst), 1) (Saint Mary of B.) Hauptstadt der brit. Kolonie Gambia in Westafrika, auf der Insel Saint Mary, unfern der Gambiamündung, Mittelpunkt des Handels der Kolonie (Ausfuhr von Erdnüssen, Wachs, Häuten) und (1891) 6239 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bathurst [3] — Bathurst (spr. bäthörst), 1) Allen, Earl of, brit. Staatsmann, geb. 16. Nov. 1684, gest. 16. Sept. 1775, Sohn eines Direktors der Ostindischen Kompagnie, ward 1705 Mitglied des Unterhauses, 1712 Baron B. und Mitglied des Oberhauses, wo er 25… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bathurst — (spr. báthörst). 1) Hauptstadt der brit. Kolonie Gambia (Westafrika), auf der Flußinsel St. Mary, unweit der Gambiamündung, (1901) 8807 E. – 2) Stadt in der brit. austral. Kolonie Neusüdwales, (1901) 9227 E.; Mittelpunkt eines Golddistrikts …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bathurst — V. Banjul …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”