Jules Mansard

Jules Mansard
Jules Mansard
    Jules Mansard
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Jules Mansard
    French architect, grand-nephew of François, was originally Jules Hardouin, but took the name of Mansard; was born in Paris, 1646; died at Marly 1708. He had more apparent success than François, if less ability. He enjoyed in a high degree the favour of Louis XIV, who bestowed on him numerous titles and offices, as well as the dignity of Count and the inspectorship of buildings. Nearly all the architectural undertakings of this king are linked with the name of Jules Mansard, who, indeed, has been blamed, rightly or wrongly, for some of Louis's extravagant expenditures. Few architects have ever received such remunerative, or so many, commissions. He sought to combine the style of his grand-uncle, and of Le Brun, with the extreme classical style so much affected at that time, and thus became in some degree an exponent of the Baroque style. His best work is the church of the Invalides, with its dome and cupola similar to St Paul's in London, which is of the same period, and designed after the plan of St Peter's at Rome. Mansard generally laid more stress on elegance of effect than on monumental grandeur, so that some of his effects tend to triviality. The nave of the Invalides is merely a cubical base for the great dome and its double row of columns, though graceful, has little of imposing grandeur in its effect. The outer shell of the dome is of wood, a feature which this building shares with other French structures of similar character. The decoration between the ribs of the cupola, the pierced tapering lantern, encircled with corbels, and the pointed tip, all contributed to its elegance, so that the cap of the dome seems rather to soar than to rest on its supports. This graceful dome, with its high drum and attic, forms a striking point in the panorama of Paris. In the interior, Mansard made use of a happy artifice in order to secure the illuminating effect of the dome to the full without exposing the painting to the direct glare of day: he built two domes the one over the other, the one above with attic windows so placed as not to be visible from the interior; through an opening in the inner dome one sees the paintings in the outer, but not the windows. In spite of certain faults of detail this structure is, on the whole. one of the finest Baroque buildings in existence. With Leveau, Mansard finished the château of Versailles, which exercised so wide and powerful an influence on the architecture of the Baroque period. In the exterior, an effect of space and sweep was sought rather than pure beauty. The interior more than satisfies the anticipations raised by the exterior. The Grand Trianon and the Colonnades are also Jules Mansard's, as well as many other buildings in and near Versailles. His work, in domestic architecture and public buildings is, indeed, scattered all over France, and what is known as the "Mansard roof" takes its name from him.
    Transcribed by Michael C. Tinkler In honor of Professor William Crelly

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jules Hardouin Mansart — Jules Hardouin Mansart, marble bust by Jean Louis Lemoyne: a full dress Baroque portrait bust demonstrates that the King s architect is no mere craftsman Jules Hardouin Mansart (16 April 1646 – 11 May 1708) was a French architect whose work is… …   Wikipedia

  • Mansard roof — redirects here. For the Vampire Weekend song, see Mansard Roof (song). A mansard roof on the Château de Dampierre (1675–1683), by Jules Hardouin Mansart, great nephew of François Mansart. A mansard or mansard roof (also called a French roof) is a …   Wikipedia

  • Jules Hardouin-Mansard — Jules Hardouin Mansart Jules Hardouin Mansart (auch Mansard, ursprünglich nur Hardouin; * 16. April 1646 in Paris; † 11. Mai 1708 in Marly le Roi) war ein französischer Architekt. Als Schüler und Großneffe von François Mansart wurde er 1675 von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mansard, Jules — • French architect, grand nephew of François, was originally Jules Hardouin, but took the name of Mansard; was born in Paris, 1646; died at Marly 1708 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jules Hardouin-Mansard — Jules Hardouin Mansart Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mansart. Jules Hardouin Mansart. Portrait par Hyacinthe Rigaud. Château de Vers …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jules Hardouin-Mansart — (auch Mansard, ursprünglich nur Hardouin; * 16. April 1646 in Paris; † 11. Mai 1708 in Marly le Roi) war ein französischer Architekt des Barock. Als Schüler und Großneffe von François Mansart wurde e …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mansard — (spr. Mangsahr), 1) François, geb. 1598 in Paris u. starb daselbst 1666 als erster königlicher Baumeister. Viele Gebäude von ihm schmücken Paris, die Umgebung u. die Provinzen. An der Vollendung der Kirche Val de Grâce 1645 hinderten ihn seine… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mansard — (Mangsahr), Jules Hardouin, franz. Baumeister unter Ludwig XIV., geb. 1615 zu Paris, ward zuletzt Generaldirector der königl. Bauten und st. 1708 zu Marly. Seine vorzüglichsten Bauten sind das Schloß in Versailles, der Dom der Invaliden, die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Mansard —    A mansard roof, instead of forming an inverted V, has rafters that are broken up and the lower slope is almost perpendicular, the upper more nearly flat; thus it has a double slope on each side. The roof allows for high rooms and useful space… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • MANSARD —    the name of two French architects, born in Paris FRANÇOIS, who constructed the Bank of France (1598 1666), and JULES HARDOUN, his grand nephew, architect of the dome of the Invalides and of the palace and chapel of Versailles (1645 1708) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”