Luigi Palmieri

Luigi Palmieri
Luigi Palmieri
    Luigi Palmieri
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Luigi Palmieri
    Physicist and meteorologist, b. at Faicchio, Benevento, Italy, 22 April, 1807; d. in Naples, 9 Sept., 1896. He first studied at the seminary of Caiazzo, then took up mathematics and the natural sciences in Naples, getting his degree in architecture from the University of Naples. He taught successively in the secondary schools of Salerno, Campobasso, and Avellino, until in 1845 he became professor of physics at the Royal Naval School at Naples. In 1847 he was called to the chair of physics at the university. He began his connection with the meteorological observatory on Mount Vesuvius in 1848 and became its director in 1854, after the death of Melloni. The chair of meteorological and terrestrial physics was created especially for him at the university. He filled it in 1860 together with the position of director of the physical observatory of Naples.
    Member of the Royal Society of Naples (Academy of Sciences) since 1861, he became a member of the Academy of the Lincei (Florence) in 1871. Among other honours were the following: Member of the Superior Council of Meteorology, Senator of the Kingdom, Grand Commander of the Order of the Crown of Italy, Commander of the Order of Rosa del Brazile, etc. His work is chiefly connected with the observation of the eruptions on Mount Vesuvius and with the study of earthquakes and meteorological phenomena in general. He watched all the volcanic disturbances at the observatory and nearly lost his life there during the eruption of 1872. He was very successful in the invention and improvement of delicate apparatus. He modified the Peltier electrometer and used it for his investigation of atmospheric electricity during forty years. His seismometer for the detection and measurement of ground vibration was so sensitive that he was able to detect very slight movements and to predict the eruption of the volcano. A modification of the Morse telegraph, an anemometer, and a pluviometer were also among his inventions. His tribute to Galluppi has often been applied to himself: "The Catholic religion was the guide of his studies during life, and, supported by its inexpressible consolation, he left this earth to live forever in heaven."
    Reports of his observation and studies at the volcano were published in the "Aunali dell' osservatorio Vesuviano" (1869-73). Numerous memoirs also appeared in the "Rendiconto dell' accademia delle scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli", and in the "Atti della R. Acc., Napoli". Among his larger works were the following: "Incendio Vesuviano del 26 Aprile 1872" (Naples, 1872; Ger. tr., Berlin, 1872); "Il Vesuvio e la sua storia" (Milan, 1880); "Nuove lezioni di fisica sperimentale e di fisica terrestre" (Naples, 1883); "Die Atmospharische Elektrizität" (tr., Vienna, 1884); "Les lois et les origines de l'électricité" (tr., Paris, 1885).
    Pop. Sc. Miscellany, L (New York, 1896), 430; Civiltà Catolica, series 16, XI (Rome, 1897), 470; VILLARI in Rendiconto dell' Acc. Napoli, XXXV (Naples, 1896), 236.
    Transcribed by Thomas J. Bress

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Luigi Palmieri — Retrato de Luigi Palmieri Nombre Luigi Palmieri …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luigi Palmieri — Luigi Palmieri. Luigi Palmieri (* 22. April 1807 in Faicchio bei Benevent; † 9. September 1896 in Neapel) war ein italienischer Meteorologe, Seismologe und Vulkanologe. Er studierte Physik, Mathematik und Philosophie an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luigi Palmieri — Luigi Palmieri, ou Louis Palmieri dans certaines publications en français, est un volcanologue et météorologue italien né en 1807 à Faicchio, dans la Terre de Labour, à treize kilomètres de Piedimonte Matese, et mort à Naples le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi Palmieri — Infobox Scientist name = Luigi Palmieri box width = image width =150px caption = Luigi Palmieri birth date = April 22, 1807 birth place = Faicchio, Benevento death date = September 9 1896 death place = Naples, Italy residence = citizenship =… …   Wikipedia

  • Palmieri — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charlie Palmieri (1927–1988), US amerikanischer Pianist und Orchesterleiter Cristoforo Palmieri (* 1939), Bischof in Albanien Eddie Palmieri (* 1936), US amerikanischer Pianist Gian Giuseppe Palmieri… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palmieri — is a surname, and may refer to: *Cristoforo Palmieri *Charlie Palmieri (1927 1988), Puerto Rican American bandleader *Eddie Palmieri (born 1936), Puerto Rican American pianist, bandleader, brother of Charlie Palmieri *Fabrizio Palmieri *Luigi… …   Wikipedia

  • Palmieri (crater) — lunar crater data latitude=28.6 N or S=S longitude=47.7 E or W=W diameter=40 km depth=1.2 km colong=49 eponym=Luigi PalmieriPalmieri is a lunar crater that lies to the southwest of the Mare Humorum, in the southwestern quadrant of the Moon s near …   Wikipedia

  • Palmieri, Luigi — • Physicist and meteorologist (1807 1896) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Palmiēri — Palmiēri, Luigi, Meteorolog, geb. 22. April 1807 in Faicchio, gest. 9. Sept. 1896 in Neapel, war seit 1828 Professor der Mathematik und Physik an den Lyzeen von Salerno, Campobasso und Avellino, wurde 1845 Professor der Physik an der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Palmieri — Palmiēri, Luigi, ital. Mathematiker und Physiker, geb. 22. April 1807 zu Faicchio (Prov. Benevent), seit 1854 Direktor des Meteorolog. Observatoriums auf dem Vesuv, gest. 10. Sept. 1896 zu Neapel; Erfinder physik. Instrumente (eines Seismometers… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”