Pedro da Fonseca

Pedro da Fonseca
Pedro da Fonseca
    Pedro Da Fonseca
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pedro Da Fonseca
    A philosopher and theologian, born at Cortizada, Portugal, 1528; died at Lisbon, 4 Nov., 1599. He entered the Society of Jesus in Coimbra in 1548, and in 1551 passed to the University of Evora, where, after completing his studies, he lectured upon philosophy with such subtlety and brilliancy as to win for himself the title of the "Portuguese Aristotle". His works, which for over a century after his death were widely used in philosophical schools throughout Europe, are: "Institutionum Dialecticarum Libri Octo" (Lisbon, 1564); "Commentariorum in Libros Metaphysicorum Aristotelis Stagiritæ" (Rome, 1577); "Isagoge Philosophica" (Lisbon, 1591). These works appeared in an immense number of editions from the Catholic press all over Europe. Fonseca also shares the fame of the "Conimbricenses", as it was during his term of office as provincial and largely owing to his initiative that this celebrated work was undertaken by the Jesuit professors of Coimbra.
    As a man of affairs, Fonseca was not less gifted than as a philosopher. He filled many important posts in his order, being assistant, for Portugal, to the general, visitor of Portugal, and superior of the professed house at Lisbon; while Gregory XIII and Philip II (from 1580 King of Portugal) employed him in affairs of the greatest delicacy and consequence. Fonseca used his influence wisely in promoting the interests of charity and learning. Many great institutions in Lisbon, notably the Irish college, owe their existence, at least in great part, to his zeal and piety. He is also credited with a considerable share in the drawing up of the Jesuit Ratio Studiorum. But his greatest claim to lasting reputation lies in the fact that he first devised the solution, by his scientia media in God, of the perplexing problem of the reconciliation of grace and free will. Nevertheless his fame in this matter has been somewhat obscured by that of his disciple, Luis de Molina, who, having more fully developed and perfected the ideas of his master in his work "Concordia Liberi Arbitrii cum Gratiæ Donis", etc., came gradually to be regarded as the originator of the doctrine.
    SOMMERVOGEL, Bibl. de la C. de J., III, 837; DE BACKER, Bibl, des Ecrivains de la C. de J., I, 313, VII, 239; HURTER, Nomenclator, SCHNEEMANN, Zur Geschichte der Theorie von der Scientia Media in Stimmen aus Maria-Laach, XVIII, 237; IDEM, Die Entstehung der thomistisch-molinistischen Controverse, Supplement ix to Stimmen aus Maria-Laach (Freiburg, 1880); IDEM, Controversiarum de devinœ gratiœ liberique arbitrii concordia initia et progressus (Freiburg, 1881).
    JOHN F.X. MURPHY.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pedro Nolasco Fonseca — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pedro Nolasco Fonseca Teniente 1° Lealtad Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata Unidad Batallón Nº 1º de Cazadores de Los Andes, Batallón Nº 4 de Chile …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pedro de Fonseca — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Por el nombre de Pedro de Fonseca responden divesos personajes en la historia: Pedro de Fonseca (cardenal), importante diplomático, cardenal del título de Santángelo y obispo de Astorga (1414 1418) y de Sigüenza… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pedro da Fonseca — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pedro da Fonseca (Corticada, 1528 – Lisboa, 1599) fue un filósofo y teólogo jesuita portugués, conocido en su época como el Aristóteles portugués. Fue catedrático de Filosofía en la Universidad de Coímbra. Fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pedro da fonseca — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fonseca. Pedro da Fonseca, jésuite, théologien, philosophe et écrivain portugais, surnommé l Aristote portugais, né en 1528 au village de Proença a Nova, mort le 4 novembre 1599. Biographie Cette section est vide …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pedro de Fonseca — Pedro da Fonseca Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fonseca. Pedro da Fonseca, jésuite, théologien, philosophe et écrivain portugais, surnommé l Aristote portugais, né en 1528 au village de Proença a Nova, mort le 4 novembre 1599. Biographie Cette …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pedro da Fonseca — may refer to:* Pedro da Fonseca (cardinal) * Pedro da Fonseca (philosopher);See also *Peter Fonseca, Canadian politician …   Wikipedia

  • Pedro da Fonseca — (* 1528 in Cortiçada, Portugal; † 4. November 1599 in Lissabon) war ein portugiesischer Philosoph, Jesuit und Theologe. Er wurde auch als der „portugiesische Aristoteles“ bezeichnet. Literatur Josef Bordat: Fonseca, Pedro da (Petrus). In:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pedro Vicente Fonseca — Medal record Men s Basketball Competitor for  Brazil World Championship Gold …   Wikipedia

  • Pedro da Fonseca — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fonseca. Pedro da Fonseca, jésuite, théologien, philosophe et écrivain portugais, surnommé l Aristote portugais, né en 1528 au village de Proença a Nova, mort le 4 novembre 1599. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pedro de Fonseca (cardenal) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pedro de Fonseca Cardenal de Sant Angelo Consagración episcopal 1414 Proclamación 1412 Otros títulos Obispo de Astorga Obispo de Sigüenza Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”