Pierre d'Aubusson

Pierre d'Aubusson
Pierre d'Aubusson
    Pierre d'Aubusson
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pierre d'Aubusson
    Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, born 1423; died 1503. He made his first campaigns against the Turks, and fought next under the French Dauphin in a war against the Swiss (1444). It was on his return from this last expedition that he obtained from Charles VII permission to join the Hospitallers. The year 1460 found him Castellan of Rhodes, and he soon after became captain-general of the city, which had been the seat of the order since 1309, and was now the chief obstacle to Ottoman supremacy in the Mediterranean. Mahomet II therefore resolved to subdue it. D'Aubusson, who bad been raised (1476) to the Grand Mastership, foresaw the sultan's design, and lost no time in making what preparations he could for the defense. A letter to the houses of his order brought him whatever men and money they could spare. Additional sums came from Sixtus IV and Louis XI, together with some of the bravest soldiers of Italy and France. Yet with all his exertions he was able to muster no more than 450 knights and 2,000 auxiliaries. The Turkish armament, which appeared before Rhodes 23 May, 1480, was overwhelmingly superior in numbers, and was furnished with the best artillery then obtainable. But the example of d'Aubusson's good right arm, and his omnipresence, made heroes of all the defenders. After three months of almost incessant fighting, which cost him 25,000 of his best warriors, the Turkish commander was forced to raise the siege. For this brilliant achievement d'Aubusson received a cardinal's hat, and was revered by all Christendom as "the Shield of the Church." In his subsequent efforts to form a league that would drive the Turks from Constantinople, he failed.
    BOUHOURS, Histoire de Pierre d'Aubusson (Paris, 1676; 3d ed., Hague, 1739; tr., London, 1679); MARULLI, Lives of the Grand-Masters ... of St. John ... (Naples, 1636); FLANDRIN, History of the Knights of Rhodes (Paris, 1876).
    Transcribed by Dick Meissner

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pierre d'Aubusson — Biographie Naissance 1423 au Monteil au Vicomte (France) Décès 3 juillet 1503 à Rhodes (Grèce) Évêque de l Église catholique Fon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre d’Aubusson — Kupferstich um 1725 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre d'Aubusson — Pierre d’Aubusson Kupferstich um 1725 Datei:SMOM 40. GM Wappen.gif Großmeisterwappen Pierres d’Aubusson Fra′ Pierre d’Aubusson (genannt Schild der Kirche), auch Petrus Albussanus, (* 1423 in Le Monteil au Vicomte; † 3. Juli 1503) war von 1476 bis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre d'Aubusson — (1423 June 30 1503) was a Grand Master of the order of St. John of Jerusalem (the Knights Hospitaller) and a zealous opponent of the Ottoman Empire.Pierre probably joined the Knights of St. John in 1444 or 1445 and then left for Rhodes. Early… …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre d'Aubusson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Grabado ilustrando a Pierre d Aubusson entregando el bastón de mano a su hermano Antoine. Pierre d Aubusson, (castillo de Monteil …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aubusson — ist der Name mehrerer Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgebiete in Frankreich: Aubusson (Creuse), Gemeinde im Département Creuse Aubusson (Orne), Gemeinde im Département Orne Arrondissement Aubusson im Département Creuse Kanton Aubusson im Département… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aubusson (Orne) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aubusson. 48° 47′ 06″ N 0° 33′ 05″ W …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aubusson — /oh beuh seuhn, sawonn /; Fr. /oh byuu sawonn /, n. an ornate rug constructed in a flat tapestry weave, often in pastel colors. [1960 65; after Aubusson, town in central France where made] * * * ▪ France       town, Creuse département, Limousin… …   Universalium

  • Pierre-Augustin Laboreys de Chateau-Favier — Pierre Augustin Laboreys de Château Favier Pierre Augustin Laboreys de Château Favier, né le 24 octobre 1748 à Aubusson (Creuse), mort le 27 février 1821 à Aubusson, est un député français. Fils de Michel Laboreys de château Favier, inspecteur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre-augustin laboreys de château-favier — Pierre Augustin Laboreys de Château Favier, né le 24 octobre 1748 à Aubusson (Creuse), mort le 27 février 1821 à Aubusson, est un député français. Fils de Michel Laboreys de château Favier, inspecteur des manufactures royales d Aubusson et de… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”