Marinus I

Marinus I
Marinus I
    Pope Marinus I
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope Marinus I
    (882-884)
    There is reason for believing that Marinus I was elected on the very day of the death of John VIII (16 Dec., 882), and that he was consecrated without waiting for the consent of the incompetent emperor, Charles the Fat. If the actual date of his election is uncertain, that of his death is still more so; but it was perhaps 15 May 884. In the seventh century there was a pope, St. Martinus I, and, owing to the similarity between the names Martinus and Marinus, some chroniclers called Pope Marinus Martinus. Hence, some modern historians have erroneously described the two popes Marinus as Martinus II and Martinus III respectively, and the successor of Nicholas III called himself Martinus IV. Marinus, about whom but little is known, had a distinguished career before he became pope. He was the son of the priest Palumbo, was born at Gallese, and was attached to the Roman Church at the age of twelve. Leo IV ordained him sub-deacon, and, after he had been made a deacon ( see Deacons ), he was sent on three important embassies to Constantinople. The second time he went there (869) to preside, as one of the legates of Adrian II, over the Eighth General Council. John VIII, who made him Bishop of Cære (Cervetri), treasurer (arcarius) of the Roman Church, and archdeacon, despatched him on that mission to Constantinople, which resulted m his imprisonment for his firmness in carrying out his instructions. Although a bishop he was elected to succeed John VIII, whose policy he partly abandoned and partly followed. In the hope of lessening the factions in Rome, he, most unfortunately as the sequel proved, reversed the action of his predecessor regarding Bishop Formosus of Porte, whom he absolved from all censures, and permitted to return to Rome. But Marinus vigourously upheld the policy of John VIII with regard to Photius, whom he himself condemned. Trusting to get support from Charles the Fat, he met that useless emperor in 833. But, unable to help himself, Charles could do nothing for others. Marinus sent the pallium to the distinguished Fulk of Reims, and, at the request of King Alfred of England, freed from all taxes the Schola Anglorum, or headquarters of the English in Rome. Marinus was buried in the portico of St. Peter's.
    JAFFE, Regesta Pont. Rom., I (Leipzig, 1885); Liber Pontif., II, ed. DUCHESNE; Annals of Fulda and other annals in Mon. Germ. Script., I; DUCHESNE, The Beginning of the Temporal Sovereignty of the Popes (London, 1908), 187 sq.; MANN, Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages. III, 353 sqq.
    HORACE K. MANN.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marinus — ist ein männlicher Vorname lateinischen Ursprunges. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namensvarianten 3 Bekannte Namensträger 4 Quellen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marinus — may refer to: Marinus (crater), a crater on the Moon Marinus (given name), for people named Marinus Marinus of Tyre (70–130), Greek geographer, cartographer and mathematician Marinus of Caesarea (died 262), Roman soldier, christian martyr and… …   Wikipedia

  • Marinus I. — Marinus I. (mitunter irrtümlicherweise auch Martin II. genannt; * in Gallese; † 15. Mai 884 in Rom) war von 882 bis zu seinem Tode Papst. Marinus war der Sohn eines Priesters namens Palumbo aus Umbrien. Vor seiner Wahl zum Papst bekleidete er das …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marinus — puede referirse a: Nombre en latín de San Marino diácono (el fundador de San Marino). El nombre latinizado de Abu Al walid Marwan ibn Janah, sabio hebreo español. Forma parte del nombre de muchos personajes, siendo muy común en los Países Bajos:… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marinus II. — Marinus II. (im Spätmittelalter oft irrig auch Martin III. genannt; * in Rom; † Mai 946) war Papst vom 30. Oktober 942 bis Mai 946. Er war römischer Herkunft und vor seinem Pontifikat vermutlich Kardinalpriester von San Ciriaco. Marinus wurde als …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marinus II —     Pope Marinus II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Marinus II     Reigned 942 946; died in April or May, 946. A Roman, and a Cardinal of the title of St. Ciriacus, he was one of the popes placed on the throne of St. Peter by the power of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Marinus —   [lateinisch, wohl »der am Meer Lebende«], Päpste:    1) Marinus I. (882 884), später irrtümlich Martin II. genannt, * Gallese (Latium), ✝ Rom 15. 5. 884; war Legat Hadrians II. auf dem 4. Konzil von Konstantinopel (869 870). Als Papst… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Marinus I. u. II. — Marinus II. , Marinus I., Päpste, s. Martin …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Marīnus [1] — Marīnus (bot.), in od. am Meere wachsend …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marīnus [2] — Marīnus, 1) griechischer Anatom, um 90 n. Chr., welchen Galenos den Wiederhersteller der Anatomie nennt; seine Schriften sind verloren. 2) M. aus Tyrus, griechischer Mathematiker u. Geograph des 2. Jahrh. n. Chr., der Begründer der mathematischen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”