The Benedictus

The Benedictus
The Benedictus
    The Benedictus (Canticle of Zachary)
     Catholic_Encyclopedia The Benedictus (Canticle of Zachary)
    The Benedictus, given in Luke 1:68-79, is one of the three great canticles in the opening chapters of this Gospel, the other two being the Magnificat and Nunc dimittis. The Benedictus was the song of thanksgiving uttered by Zachary on the occasion of the birth of his son, St. John the Baptist. It is Jewish in form, but Christian in sentiment. The local colouring and nationalistic character of the first half are so noticeable that Loisy has conjectured that it existed previously as a simple psalm, which Zachary adapted, his additions being, he contends, easily discernible. (Revue d'hist. et de lit. relig., May-June, 1903, p. 289). There are, however, grave objections to this view, and an opposite theory has been put forth that the Benedictus was composed with special reference to the names of Elizabeth, Zachary, and John, for Elizabeth, Jusjurandum quod juravit; Zachary, Memorari (testamenti sui sancti); and John, Ad faciendam misericordiam.
    The whole canticle naturally falls into two parts. The first (verses 68-75) is a song of thanksgiving for the realization of the Messianic hopes of the Jewish nation; but to such realization is given a characteristically Christian tone. As of old, in the family of David, there was power to defend the nation against their enemies, now again that of which they had been so long deprived, and for which they had been yearning, was to be restored to them, but in a higher and spiritual sense. The horn is a sign of power, and the "horn of salvation" signified the power of delivering or "a mighty deliverance". While the Jews had impatiently borne the yoke of the Romans, they had continually sighed for the time when the House of David was to be their deliverer. The deliverance was now at hand, and was pointed to by Zachary as the fulfilment of God's oath to Abraham; but the fulfilment is described as a deliverance not for the sake of worldly power, but that "we may serve him without fear, in holiness and justice all our days".
    The second part of the canticle is an address by Zachary to his own son, who was to take so important a part in the scheme of the Redemption; for he was to be a prophet, and to preach the remission of sins before the coming or the Orient, or Dawn, from on high. The prophecy that he was to "go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways" (v. 76) was of course an allusion to the well-known words of Isaias (xl, 3) which St. John himself afterwards applied to his own mission (John, i, 23); and which all the three Synoptics adopt (Matt., iii, 3; Mark, i, 2; Luke, iii, 4). It is probably due to the first part of the canticle, as a song of thanksgiving for the coming of the Redeemer, that it finds an appropriate place in the office of the Church every morning at Lauds. It is believed to have been first introduced by St. Benedict (Beaume, I, 253). According to Durandus, the allusion to Christ's coming under the figure of the rising sun had also some influence on its adoption. It is also used in various other liturgical offices, notably at a funeral, at the moment of interment, when words of thanksgiving for the Redemption are specially in place as an expression of Christian hope.
    Transcribed by Janet Grayson

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Celtic Rite —     The Celtic Rite     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Celtic Rite     This subject will be treated under the following seven heads:     I. History and Origin; II. Manuscript Sources; III. The Divine Office; IV. The Mass; V. the Baptismal Service; …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Benedictus (Song of Zechariah) — The Benedictus (also Song of Zechariah or Canticle of Zachary), given in Gospel of ; bibleref|Mark|1:2|NIV; bibleref|Luke|3:4|NIV). The Benedictus is part of Lauds, probably because of the song of thanksgiving for the coming of the Redeemer in… …   Wikipedia

  • The Gallican Rite —     The Gallican Rite     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Gallican Rite     This subject will be treated under the following six heads:     I. History and Origin; II. MSS. and Other Sources; III. The Liturgical Year; IV. The Divine Office; V. The… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Benedictus —    The canticle beginning Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, used after the Second Lesson at Morning Prayer. It is the song uttered by Zacharias on the naming of St. John Baptist and is found in St. Luke I:68 80. The Benedictus has been used as a …   American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Benedictus — /ben i dik teuhs/, n. Eccles. 1. the short canticle or hymn beginning in Latin Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini, and in English Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. 2. the canticle or hymn beginning in Latin Benedictus Dominus… …   Universalium

  • Benedictus Buns — Benedictus Buns, Benedictus à sancto Josepho, born Buns, also named Buns Gelriensis, was born in 1642 in Geldern [ Geldern belonged in that time to the Spanish Netherlands see too the Southern Netherlands and from 1713 tot the Austrian… …   Wikipedia

  • Benedictus Appenzeller — (between 1480 and 1488 ndash; after 1558) was a Franco Flemish singer and composer of the Renaissance, active in Bruges and Brussels. He served Mary of Hungary for much of his career, and was a prolific composer of vocal music, both sacred and… …   Wikipedia

  • Benedictus Polonus — • A medieval Friar Minor missionary and traveller (c. 1245) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Benedictus Polonus     Benedictus Polonus      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Benedictus — [bɛnɛˈdɪktʊs] (von lat. bĕnedīcĕre [bɛnɛˈdiːkɛrɛ]) ist ein Begriff aus der Kirchensprache. Er bezieht sich einerseits auf ein Loblied aus dem Lukas Evangelium, andererseits auf einen Teil der Heiligen Messe (zweiter Teil des Sanctus). Das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benedictus van Haeften — (b.1588 d.31 July 1648) Provost of Affligem Abbey and famous writer of religious works.Haeften commissioned Rubens and De Crayer to decorate the church and the monastery in Affligem.BiographyVan Haeften was a Benedictine writer, provost of the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”