University of Wurzburg

University of Wurzburg
University of Wurzburg
    University of Wurzburg
     Catholic_Encyclopedia University of Wurzburg
    John I of Egloffstein (1400-1411), Bishop of Wurzburg, obtained from Pope Boniface IX a charter, dated 10 December, 1492, for the university. The university was designed after that of Bologna, and gave special attention to the faculties of theology and canon and civil law. After the death of its founder it began to decay, as the cathedral chapter, which was composed of members of the nobility, withdrew its means of support. More than a century later, Bishop Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn re- established it, and on 28 March, 1575, Pope Gregory XIII issued the Bull granting the charter to the new university, which was to have the privileges of the universities of Paris and Bologna. The buildings were erected during 1582-91, and the university was opened on 2 January, 1582. The Julius Hospital came into close connection with the university, and thus gave the medical faculty a large field for observation and practice. In the eighteenth century the bishops who did most for the encouragement of learning were Frederick Charles Count von Schonborn, Adam Frederick Count von Seinsheim, and Francis Louis von Esthal. At the close of the eighteenth century the university was characterized as "the best Catholic university in the whole of Germany" by Magister F.C. Laukhard, a man who was well known in the universities both of Germany and of foreign countries. In its subsequent development also the university sought to maintain this reputation. The faculties of theology and philosophy were entrusted to the Jesuits until the suppression of the Society; from that time the Jesuit professors remained as secular priests. In 1803 the ecclesiastical principality of Wurzburg was secularized, and after a short period, during which it was ruled by the Grand Duke of Tuscany (1806-14), it was united with Bavaria. The reputation of the university grew, especially of the medical faculty, which ranked very high. Since the middle of the nineteenth century separate buildings have been built for the departments of medicine and natural sciences; in 1897 the new academic building was erected. The theological faculty also has included names of note; of those in modern times mention may be made of Cardinal Joseph Hergenrother, Francis Seraph Hettinger, Anton Scholz, and Hermann Schell. The Bishops of Wurzburg during 1840-1898 (von Stahl, von Reissmann, and von Stein) had all been members of the theological faculty of the university. In the summer of 1911 the students numbered 1509.
    WEGELE, Gesch. der Universitat Wurzburg (Wurzburg, 1882); IDEM, Die Reformation der Universitat Wurzburg (11863); Die Attribute der Universitat Wurzburg im Jubilaumsjahr 1882: Alma Julia, illustrierte Chronik ihres dritten Sakularfeier (Wurzburg, 1882); VON HORSTIG, Die Anstalten der Universitat Wurzburg (Wurzburg, 1892); STOHR, Die Bexiehung zwischen Universitat u. Juliushospital (Wurzburg, 1908); KIRSCH-KAMP, Erinnerungen an das akadem. Leben in Wurzburg in den bedeutsamen siebziger Jahren des XIX. Jhr. (Bonn, 1910).
    Transcribed by Michael T. Barrett Dedicated to the faculty and students of the University of Wurzburg

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • University of Würzburg — Infobox University name = Julius Maximilians Universität Würzburg established = 1402 ( first ) 1582 ( reestablished ) type = Public president = Prof. Dr. Axel Haase city = Würzburg state = Bavaria country = Germany undergrad = 19,000 postgrad = 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Würzburg, University of — ▪ university, Würzburg, Germany German  in full Bayerische Julius maximilians universität Würzburg,         autonomous, state supported university in Würzburg, Ger., founded in 1582. Early a famous centre for the study of Roman Catholic theology …   Universalium

  • Würzburg — Infobox German Location type = City image photo=Marienberg wuerzburg.jpg image caption=Fortress Marienberg with Old Main Bridge in the front Wappen = wappen von Wuerzburg.svg lat deg = 49|lat min = 47 |lat sec = 0 lon deg = 09|lon min = 56|lon… …   Wikipedia

  • Würzburg — /werrts berrg/; Ger. /vyuurddts boorddk /, n. a city in NW Bavaria, in S Germany, on the Main River. 123,500. * * * ▪ Germany  city, northwestern Bavaria Land (state), south central Germany. It lies along and is an inland port of the canalized… …   Universalium

  • Würzburg Residence — Infobox World Heritage Site Name = Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square State Party = GER Type = Cultural Criteria = i, iv ID = 169 Region = Europe and North America Year = 1981 Session = 5th Link =… …   Wikipedia

  • Würzburg, University of — • John I of Egloffstein (1400 1411), Bishop of Wurzburg, obtained from Pope Boniface IX a charter, dated 10 December, 1492, for the university Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • University of Cambridge — Latin: Academia Cantabrigiensis Motto Hinc lucem et pocula sacra (Latin) Motto in English …   Wikipedia

  • University of Bristol — Latin: Universitas Bristolliensis (Bris.) Motto Vim promovet insitam Motto in English …   Wikipedia

  • University of Coimbra — Universidade de Coimbra Latin: Universitas Conimbrigensis Established 1290 …   Wikipedia

  • University of Dublin — Ollscoil Átha Cliath Latin: Universitas Dublinensis Established 1592 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”