Hebrew meaning 'lord, ruler', a name bestowed upon God in the Old Testament

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Adonai
    Adonai (Hebrew meaning "lord, ruler") is a name bestowed upon God in the Old Testament. It is retained in the Vulgate and its dependent versions, Exod., vi, 3; Judith, xvi, 16. No other name applied to God is more definite and more easily understood than this. Etymologically it is the plural of Adon, with the suffix of the possessive pronoun, first person, singular number. This plural has been subjected to various explanations. It may be looked upon as a plurale abstractum, and as such it would indicate the fullness of divine sway and point to God as the Lord of lords. This explanation has the endorsement of Hebrew grammarians, who distinguish a plurale virium, or virtutum. Others prefer to designate this form as plurale excellentiæ, magnitudinis, or plurale majestatis. To look upon it as a form of politeness such as the German Sie for du, or French volts for to is certainly not warranted by Hebrew usage. The possessive pronoun has no more significance in this word than it has in Rabbi (my master), Monsieur, or Madonna. Adonai is also the perpetual substitute for the ineffable Name Yahve, to which it lends its vowel signs. Whenever therefore, the word Yahve occurs in the text, the Jew will read Adonai.
    KAUTZSCH-GESENTIUS Hebræische Grammatik (Leipzig, 1896), DALMAN Der Gottesname and seine Geschichte (Berlin l889); STADE, Biblische Theologie des Alten Testaments (Tübingen, 1905).
    Transcribed by the Cloistered Dominican Nuns of the Monastery of the Infant Jesus, Lufkin, Texas Dedicated to God the Father

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Adonai — Adonai, אֲדֹנָי es uno de los títulos en hebreo de Dios. Se usa más de 300 veces en el Tanaj (Antiguo Testamento para los cristianos) como una designación para Dios.[1] Contenido 1 Etimología 2 Relación con otros Nombres …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adonai — (hebr. ‏אֲדֹנָי‎ ădonāy „mein Herr“), in aschkenasischer Aussprache Adaunoi, Adoinoi, ist eine der Bezeichnungen für die Gottheit JHWH im Alten Testament. Das Wort steht – wie Elohim – im grammatischen Plural (meine Herren), um die Hochachtung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adonai — Ad o*na i, n. [Heb. ad[=o]n[=a]i, lit., my lord.] A Hebrew name for God, usually translated in the Old Testament by the word Lord . [1913 Webster] Note: The later Jews used its vowel points to fill out the tetragrammaton {Yhvh}, or {Ihvh}, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Adonai — Adonai, Herr, im A. T. ausschließlich von Gott gebraucht; jetzt auch nennen die Juden Jehova, welchen Namen sie nicht aussprechen dürfen, Adonai …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ADONAI — nomen Dei apud Hebraeos, Dominus Latine; quod creaturae cunctae dominetur. Hoc nomen enuntiaut Hebraei, quoties in nomen Dei retragrammatum, quod ineffabile dicunt, incidunr. Peridem iurant, quoties sanctissimo Sacramento se volunt adstringere.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Adonāi — (hebr., der Name Gottes, Plural von Adon, »Herr«, mit dem Suffix der ersten Person des besitzanzeigenden Fürwortes). Die Juden sprechen diesen Namen überall aus, wo in der Bibel der vierbuchstabige Gottesname JHWH (s. Jahve), dessen wirkliche… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adonai — Adonāi (hebr., d.i. mein Herr), Gebetsanrede an Gott; wird als Gottesname von den Juden stets für Jahve (Jehova), dessen Aussprache verboten ist, gelesen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adonai — Adonaí. m. Adonay. * * * ► masculino RELIGIÓN Uno de los nombres que los hebreos dan a Dios …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adonaï — (mot hébr.: mon seigneur ) un des noms bibliques de Dieu …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adonai — Old Testament word for God, late 14c., from Medieval Latin, from Hebrew, lit. my lord, from adon (see ADONIS (Cf. Adonis)) + suffix of 1st person …   Etymology dictionary

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