Etymologically any form of ruse or fraud employed to deceive another, particularly in judicial proceedings

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Calumny
    (Lat. calvor, to use artifice, to deceive)
    Etymologically any form of ruse or fraud employed to deceive another, particularly in judicial proceedings. In its more commonly accepted signification it means the unjust damaging of the good name of another by imputing to him a crime or fault of which he is not guilty. The sin thus committed is in a general sense mortal, just as is detraction. It is hardly necessary, however, to observe that as in other breaches of the law the sin may be venial, either because of the trivial character of the subject-matter involved or because of insufficient deliberation in the making of the accusation. Objectively, a calumny is a mortal sin when it is calculated to do serious harm to the person so traduced. Just as in the instance of wrongful damage to person or estate, so the calumniator is bound to adequate reparation for the injury perpetrated by the blackening of another's good name. He is obliged
    (1) to retract his false statements, and that even though his own reputation may necessarily as a consequence suffer.
    (2) He must also make good whatever other losses have been sustained by the innocent party as a result of his libellous utterances, provided these same have been in some measure (in confuso) foreseen by him.
    In canon law the phrase juramentum calumniae is employed to indicate the oath taken by the parties to a litigation, by which they averred that the action was brought and the defence offered in good faith.
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • calumny — [[t]kæ̱ləmni[/t]] calumnies N VAR Calumny or a calumny is an untrue statement made about someone in order to reduce other people s respect and admiration for them. [FORMAL] He was the victim of calumny. Syn: slander …   English dictionary

  • calumny — n. to heap calumny on * * * [ kæləmnɪ] to heap calumny on …   Combinatory dictionary

  • calumny — UK [ˈkæləmnɪ] / US noun [countable] Word forms calumny : singular calumny plural calumnies very formal a comment about someone that is not fair or true and is intended to damage their reputation …   English dictionary

  • calumny — Libel; slander; defamation. There was a word called calumny’ in the civil law, which signified an unjust prosecution or defense of a suit, and the phrase is still said to be used in the courts of Scotland and the ecclesiastical and admiralty… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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