Benedictine abbey in Belgium

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Afflighem
    A Benedictine abbey near Alost in Brabant, Belgium. It was founded by a party of six knights who, after abandoning their wild life, had resolved to do penance in the religious life on the scene of their former excesses. After building a church, they received, in 1084, a gift of the neighbouring lands from the Countess Adela and her sons. The rule of St. Benedict was adopted, a Benedictine, Wederig, having been the instrument of their conversion, and in after times the abbey became known for its strict observance of religious discipline. The Dukes of Brabant and Lorraine, and the Counts of Flanders, Louvain, Brussels, and Bologne were its patrons and protectors, and regarded it as a coveted privilege to be buried in the abbey church. Several monasteries, among them Maria-Laach, owe their foundation to monks from Afflighem. St. Bernard, who visited the abbey in 1146, declared that he had found Angels there. It was during this visit that an image of Our Lady is said to have replied to the salutation of the Saint. In 1523, Afflighem joined the Bursfeld Congregation — a union of Benedictine Monasteries formed in the fifteenth century for the stricter observance of monastic rule. In 1569, the Archbishop of Mechlin became commendatory abbot and exercised his authority through a prior. This continued until the Suppression. Archbishop Boonen desired to sever relations with the Bursfeld Congregation and introduce the Monte Cassino observance. Yielding to his solicitations, the Prior, Benedict Haeften, founded, in 1627, a new congregation, "B. M. V. in Templo Pr(sentat(". It included Afflighem and several other Belgian monasteries. It was dissolved in 1654. In 1796, in consequence of the French Revolution, the monks were dispersed, the buildings destroyed, and the lands sold. The last Prior, Beda Regauts, preserved the miraculous image of Our Lady, and the staff and chalice which had been presented by St. Bernard. These came into the possession of the Benedictine, Veremund Daens, who, in 1838, began a new foundation at Termonde, which was transferred in 1869 to Afflighem. The first abbot of the old abbey was Fulgentius (1088-1122). Among the more prominent of his successors may be mentioned Franco, (1122-35), the author of twelve books "De Grati(" (P.L., CLXVI), Albert, whose devotion to Our Lady won him the title Abbas Marianus, and Benedict Haeften, the author of several works of art.
    HEIGL, in Kirhenlex., I, 296; PITRA, Notre Dame d' Afflighem, in Revue Catholique (Louvain, 1849), B. III, 425-431, 457-468; Studien u. Mittheil. In Cisters, Orden (18887), VIII, 423-427 (for the new Abbey).
    H.M. BROCK

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Afflighem — Afflighem, Benedictinerabtei in der belgischen Provinz Brabant, Bezirk Brüssel, gegründet 1083, aufgehoben 1796 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Afflighem — Affligem   Affligem …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Afflighem — Affligem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benedictus van Haeften — (b.1588 d.31 July 1648) Provost of Affligem Abbey and famous writer of religious works.Haeften commissioned Rubens and De Crayer to decorate the church and the monastery in Affligem.BiographyVan Haeften was a Benedictine writer, provost of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Benedict van Haeften —     Benedict van Haeften     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Benedict van Haeften     (Haeftenus).     Benedictine writer, provost of the Monastery of Afflighem, Belgium; born at Utrecht, 1588; died 31 July 1648, at Spa, Belgium, whither he had gone to …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Benedictine Order —     The Benedictine Order     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order     The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Meister der Josephsfolge — Meister der Josephsfolge: Josephs Begegnung mit Asenath, der Tochter Potipheras, des Priesters von On., ca. 1500 Der Meister der Josephsfolge, auch Meister der Josephslegende oder Meister der Abtei von Afflighem war ein heute namentlich nicht… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anton Sander — was a Flemish Catholic cleric and historian.BiographyHe was born at Antwerp in 1586; died at Afflighem, Belgium on 10 January, 1664. Having become master of philosophy at Douai in 1609, he studied theology for some years under Malderus at Louvain …   Wikipedia

  • Gilbert von Maria Laach — Giselbert von Laach, eigentlich Giselbert von Afflighem (* um 1075; † 6. August 1152 in Laach), kurz Gilbert von Laach genannt, war ein brabanter Benediktinermönch und vierter Prior des 1062 gegründeten Cluniazenserklosters Aflighem in Brabant,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbaye De Forest — L ancien bâtiment des hôtes de l abbaye, derrière lequel on voit le clocher de l église Saint Denis L’ancienne Abbaye de Forest fut fondée en 1105, au bord d’un ruisseau, affluent de la Senne, au sud de la ville de Bruxelles. Abbaye bénédictine… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”