George Hamartolus

George Hamartolus
George Hamartolus
A monk at Constantinople under Michael III (842-867) and the author of a chronicle of some importance

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

George Hamartolus
    George Hamartolus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia George Hamartolus
    A monk at Constantinople under Michael III (842-867) and the author of a chronicle of some importance. Hamartolus is not his name but the epithet he gives to himself in the title of his work: "A compendious chronicle from various chroniclers and interpreters, gathered together and arranged by George, a sinner [hypo Georgiou hamartolou]". It is a common form among Byzantine monks. Krumbacher (Byz. Litt., 358) protests against the use of this epithet as a name and proposes (and uses) the form Georgios Monachos. Nothing is known about him except from the internal evidences of his work, which establishes his period (in the preface he speaks of Michael III as the reigning emperor) and his calling (he refers to himself several times as a monk). The chronicle consists of four books. The first treats of profane history from Adam to Alexander the Great; the second, of the history of the Old Testament; the third, of Roman history from Julius Cæsar to Constantine; and the fourth down to the author's own time. As usually in the case of such medieval chronicles, the only part to be taken seriously is the account of more or less contemporary events. The rest is interesting as an example of Byzantine ideas on the subjects, and of the questions that most interested Byzantine monks. George describes his ideal and principles in the preface. He has used ancient and modern sources (all Greek, of course), has especially consulted edifying works, and has striven to tell the truth rather than to please the reader by artistic writing. But of so great a mass of material he has chosen only what is most useful and necessary. In effect, the questions that seemed most useful and necessary to ecclesiastical persons at Constantinople in the ninth century are those that are discussed. There are copious pious reflections and theological excursuses. He writes of how idols were invented, the origin of monks, the religion of the Saracens, and especially of the Iconoclast controversy that was just over. Like all monks he hates Iconoclasts. The violence with which he speaks of them shows how recent the storm had been and how the memory of Iconoclast persecutions was still fresh when he wrote. He writes out long extracts from Greek Fathers. The first book treats of an astonishingly miscellaneous collection of persons — Adam, Nimrod, the Persians, Chaldees, Brahmins, Amazons, etc. In the second book, too, although it professes to deal with Bible history only, he has much to say about Plato and philosophers in general. George Hamartolus ended his chronicle with the year 842, as a colophon in most manuscripts attests. Various people, among them notably "Symeon Logothetes", who is probably Symeon Metaphrastes, the famous writer of saints' lives (tenth century, see Krumbacher, 358), continued his history to later dates — the longest continuation reaches to 948, In spite of his crude ideas and the violent hatred of Iconoclasts that makes him always unjust towards them, his work has considerable value for the history of the last years before the schism of Photius. It was soon translated into Slav languages (Bulgarian and Servian) and into Georgian. In these versions it became a sort of fountain-head for all early Slav (even Russian) historians. As a very popular and widely consulted book it has been constantly re-edited, corrected, and rearranged by anonymous scribes, so that the reconstruction of the original work is "one of the most difficult problems of Byzantine philology" (Krumbacher, 355).
    Combefis first published the last part of Book IV of the chronicle and the continuation (813-948) under the title, Bioi ton neon Basileon, in the "Maxima bibliotheca (Scriptores post Theophanem)" (Paris, 1685; reprinted, Venice, 1729). The first edition of the whole work was edited by E. de Muralt: "Georgii monachi, dicti Hamartoli, Chronicon ab orbe condito ad annum p. chr. 842 et a diversis scriptoribus usq. ad ann. 1143 continuatum" (St. Petersburg, 1859). This is the edition reprinted in Migne, P. G., CX, with a Latin translation. It does not represent the original text, but one of the many modified versions (from a Moscow twelfth-century Manuscript), and is in many ways deficient and misleading (see Krumbacher's criticism in "Byz. Litt.", p. 357). A critical edition is still wanted.
    NOLTE, Ein Exzerpt aus dem zum grössten Teil noch ungedruckten Chronicon des Georgios Hamartolos in Tübinger Quartalschrift (1862), 464-68; DE BOOR, Zur Kenntnis der Weltchronik des Georgios Monachos in Historische Untersuchungen, Arnold Schäfer ... gewidmet (Bonn, 1882), 276-95; HIRSCH, Byzantinische Studien (Göttingen, 1876), 1-88; LAUCHERT, Zur Textüberlieferung der Chronik des Georgios Monachos in Byz. Zeitschrift (Munich, 1895), 493-513; KRUMBACHER, Byzantinische Litteratur (2nd ed., Munich, 1897), 352-358, with further bibliography.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Hamartolus — (Greek polytonic|Γεώργιος Ἁμαρτωλός) was a monk at Constantinople under Michael III (842 867) and the author of a chronicle of some importance. Hamartolus is not his name but the epithet he gives to himself in the title of his work: A compendious …   Wikipedia

  • Jorge el Monje — trabajando , una miniatura de principios del siglo XIV de Tver. Jorge el Monje, Hamartolos o Hamartolus (griego: Γεώργιος Ἁμαρτωλός) fue un monje de Constantinopla en los tiempos del reinado de Miguel III (842 867), autor de una importante… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Suda — The Suda or Souda ( el. polytonic|Σοῦδα, also polytonic|Σουΐδας, Suidas ) is a massive 10th century Byzantine Greek historical encyclopedia of the ancient Mediterranean world. It is an encyclopedic lexicon with 30,000 entries, many drawing from… …   Wikipedia

  • Suidas — • Author of, perhaps, the most important Greek lexicon or encyclopedia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Suidas     Suidas     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ГЕОРГИЙ АМАРТОЛ — [Монах; греч. Γεώργιος Μοναχός, ῾Αμαρτωλός, букв. Грешник], визант. хронист сер. IX в. Сведения о нем содержатся только в его соч. «Краткая хроника» (Χρονικὸν σύντομον), к рое было известно и популярно в Византии и слав. мире. Совр. исследователи …   Православная энциклопедия

  • Simeon I of Bulgaria — Infobox Monarch | name =Simeon I title =Tsar of the Bulgarians and the Byzantines caption =Anonymous seal of Simeon I reign =893 ndash;27 May 927 coronation = predecessor =Vladimir successor =Peter I consort =two, names unknown issue = see below… …   Wikipedia

  • Cyril of Turaw — For other uses, see Cyril. Saint Cyril of Turaw Cyril of Turaw Born 1130 Died 1182 Honored in Roman Catholic Church East …   Wikipedia

  • Ecclesiastical history (Catholicism) — Ecclesiastical history, for the Roman Catholic Church, is the history of the Roman Catholic Church as an institution, written from a particular perspective. There is a traditional approach to such historiography. The generally identified starting …   Wikipedia

  • Church History —     Ecclesiastical History     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ecclesiastical History     I. NATURE AND OFFICE     Ecclesiastical history is the scientific investigation and the methodical description of the temporal development of the Church… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Primary Chronicle — Tale of Bygone Years in Radzivill Chronicle The Primary Chronicle (Old Church Slavonic: Повѣсть времяньныхъ лѣтъ; Belarusian: Аповесьць мінулых часоў; Russian: Повесть временных лет; Ukrainian …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”