Heinrich von Veldeke

Heinrich von Veldeke
Heinrich von Veldeke
A medieval German poet of knightly rank; b. near Maastricht in the Netherlands about the middle of the twelfth century

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Heinrich von Veldeke
    Heinrich von Veldeke
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Heinrich von Veldeke
    A medieval German poet of knightly rank; b. near Maastricht in the Netherlands about the middle of the twelfth century. He received a learned education, knew Latin and French, and was familiar with the writings of Virgil and Ovid. His chief work is the "Eneide" (Eneit), an epic poem dealing with the love romance of Æneas and Dido. The greater part of the poem had been completed by 1175 at the court of Cleves, when the manuscript, which had been loaned to a Countess of Cleves, was carried away to Thuringia. There after nine years the poet regained possession of it, and finished his poem under the patronage of Hermann, the Count Palatine of Saxony, afterwards Landgrave of Thuringia. This happened before 1190, when Hermann became landgrave, but later than 1184, the date of the great Whitsuntide festival given by Frederick I at Mainz, at which the poet was present. The "Eneide" is based on an old French romance of unknown authorship, though it is possible that Virgil's poem was also used. The subject is treated with considerable freedom and thoroughly medievalized. Minne or love is the central theme of the poem. Its form is the short rhyming couplet used by all subsequent writers of courtly epics. Through the introduction of a strict metrical form, purity of rhyme, and the courtly style, Heinrich von Veldeke became the pioneer of the romances of chivalry in Germany. Previous to the "Eneide" he had written at the instance of a Countess of Los and epic on the legend of St. Servatius. Besides the epics he also composed lyrics, which in structure and versification show the French influence, so that in the field of the Minnesong also he was one of the first to introduce the foreign element into German literature. Editions of the "Eneide" were given by L. Ettmüller (Leipzig, 1852) and O. Behaghel (Heilbronn, 1882); the "servatius" by J. H. Bormans (Maastricht, 1858). The lyrics are found in Ettmüller's edition, also in Lachmann and Haupt's "Minnesangs Frühling", IX (2nd ed., Leipzig, 1888). Selections from all the works were edited by P. Piper in his "Höfische Epik", pt. I, 56-281 (in Kürschner's "Deutsche National Literatur", IV).
    Consult the introductions to the editions above mentioned; also non Muth, H. von Veldeke und sie Genesis der romantischen und heroischen Epik um 1190 (Vienna, 1880); and Krams, H. von Veldeke und die mittelochdeutsche Dichtersprache Halle, 1899).

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Heinrich von Veldeke — (* vor 1150; † zwischen 1190 und 1200; limburgisch: Heinric van Veldeke, niederländisch: Hendrik van Veldeke) ist in Deutschland zumeist als niederländisch deutscher Dichter des 12. Jahrhunderts bekannt und stammte aus einem adligen Geschlecht,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Heinrich von Veldeke — Heinrich von Veldeke, deutscher Dichter des 12. Jahrh., stammte aus einem adligen Geschlecht, das in der Nähe von Maastricht seinen Sitz hatte. Pfingsten 1184 wohnte er in Mainz dem berühmten Hoffest bei, das Kaiser Friedrich I. bei der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Heinrich von Veldeke — Hendrik van Veldeke (aka: He(y) nric van Veldeke(n), German Heinrich von Veldeke, before or around 1150 – after 1184) is the first writer in the Low Countries that we know by name who wrote in a European language (rather than Latin). He was born… …   Wikipedia

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  • Heinrich von Veldeke — ▪ German Dutch poet born c. 1140–50, near Maastricht, Lower Lorraine [now in The Netherlands] died c. 1190       Middle High German poet of noble birth whose Eneit, telling the story of Aeneas, was the first German court epic to attain an… …   Universalium

  • HEINRICH VON MORUNGEN — (mort en 1222) Originaire du château de Morungen, près de Sangerhausen, en Thuringe, le ministérial Henrich von Morungen, un des grands représentants de l’été du Minnesang , fait ses débuts poétiques vers 1190. Des documents attestent son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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