The origins of this see are to be found in the sixth century monastic movement initiated by St. Dubricius, who presided over the monastery of Mochros

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Llandaff
    The origins of this see are to be found in the sixth century monastic movement initiated by St. Dubricius, who presided over the monastery of Mochros. The saint made his disciple, St. Teilo, abbot of the daughter monastery of Llandaff, which after the retirement of Dubricius to Bardsey came to be the chief monastery. The abbots of Llandaff were in episcopal orders and SS. Teilo and Dubricius are referred to as archbishops. The territory in which Llandaff was situated belonged to the kings or chiefs of Morganwg or Owent, who presented gifts of lands to the Church of Llandaff. The early title "archbishop" implied only rule over other monasteries, and as the episcopate became diocesan it gave way to the usual style of bishop. The successors of St. Teilo long maintained absolute independence within their own territories, and the rights and privileges of the Church of Llandaff were extensive. The early history of the see, the chief authority for which is the "Book of Llandaff" (Llyfr Teilo, Teilo's book), is very obscure, and the order of the bishops uncertain. When St. Augustine began the conversion of the Saxons in 597 he invited the British bishops to co-operate, but they refused and there was no communication between the Celtic clergy and the Roman missionaries. Unfortunately this resulted in long enmity between the Churches in Wales and in England. It was not till 768 that the Welsh clergy adopted the Roman use of Easter. From this time Welsh bishops and kings went on frequent pilgrimage to Rome, and relations with the Saxon episcopate became more friendly. After the Conquest the archbishops of Canterbury exercised their jurisdiction over Wales, and St. Anselm placed Bishop Herwald of Llandaff under interdict. Herwald's successor Urban was consecrated at Canterbury, after taking an oath of canonical obedience to the archbishop, and from that time Llandaff became a suffragan of Canterbury. A standing difficulty was the admixture of race and language due to the English settlements, also to the ignorance and incontinence of the Welsh clergy, who had ceased to observe celibacy and gave Scandal to the Normans and English. A reform was gradually effected, chiefly by the establishment of new monasteries. The Benedictines had houses at Chepstow, Abergavenny, Goldeliff, Bassaleg, Usk, Llangyran, Ewenny, and Cardiff; the Cistercians, at Neath, Tintern, Margam, Grace Dieu, Caerleon, and Llantarnam; Cluniacs at Malpas; Premonstratensians at St. Kynemark; Dominicans, Franciscans, and Carmelites were settled in Cardiff.
    The cathedral, begun in 1120, was enlarged at the close of the twelfth century. It was regarded as a fine specimen of Early English architecture, but after the Reformation was allowed to fall into a ruinous state, from which it was restored during the nineteenth century. In the following list of bishops of Llandaff, the order and dates of all before the tenth century are unknown. St. Dubricius (Dyfrig) is sometimes given as the first bishop, but more correctly the episcopal succession begins with St. Teilo, who was succeeded by Oudoceus. After him came Ubilwynus, Aidanus, Elgistil, Lunapeius, Comegern, Argwistil, Gurvan, Guodloin, Edilbinus, Grecielus, all of doubtful authenticity. More historical are Berthguin, Trychan, Elvog, Catguaret, Edilbiu, Grecielis, Cerenhir, Nobis, and Nud. Cimeilljauc, Libiau, Marebluid, Pater, Gulfrit, Gucaun (consecrated in 982), Bledri (983), Joseph (1022), Herwald (1056), Urban (Worgan) (1107), vacancy (1134), Uchtryd (1140), Nicholas ap Gwrgant (1148), vacancy (1183), William Saltmarsh (1186), Henry of Abergavenny (1193), William of Goldehif (1219), Elias de Radnor (1230), vacancy (1240), William de Burgh (1245), John de la Ware (1254), William de Radnor (1257), William de Braose (1266), vacancy (1287), John of Monmouth (1296), John de Egleselif (1323), John Pascal (1347), Roger Cradock (1361), Thomas Ruchook (1383), William Bottlesham (1386), Edmund Broinfield (1389), Tide-man de Winchcomb (1393), Andrew Barrett (1395), John Burghill (1396), Thomas Peverell (1398), John de Ia Zouche (1408), John Wells (1425), Nicholas Ashby (1441), John Hunden (1458), John Smith (1476), John Marshall (1478), John Ingleby (1496), Miles Salley (1500), George de Athequa (1517), Robert Holgate (1537), Anthony Kitchin (1545), who alone of the English episcopate fell into schism under Elizabeth and died in 1563. The ancient diocese comprised the Counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth except a few parishes in each. It contained but one archdeaconry (Liandaff). The dedication of the cathedral was to SS. Peter, Andrew, Dubricius, Teilo, and Oudoceus, and the arms of the see were sable, two crosiers in saltire, or and argent, in a chief azure three mitres with labels of the second.
    WILLIS, A Survey of the Cathedral Church of Llandaff (London, 1718); REES, Liber Landavensis (Llandovery, 1840); DUGDALE, Monasticon Anglicanum, VI, pt. iii (London, 1846); WINKLE, Cathedral Churches of England and Wales (London. 1860); EVANS, The Text of the Book of Llan Dav (Oxford, 1893); NEWELL, Llandaff in Diocesan Histories Series (London, 1902); Digest of the parish registers within the Diocese of Llandaff (Cardiff, 1905); FAIRBAIRNS, Cathedrals of England and Wales (London, 1907); Acts of the Bishops of Llandaff, ed. by BRADNEY (Cardiff, 1908).
    Transcribed by Mario Anello

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Llandaff — Llandaff, Stadt in der Grafschaft Glamorgan des englischen Fürstenthums Wales, am Taff u. unweit der beiden nach Cardiff führenden Eisenbahnen; seit dem Ende des 5. Jahrh. Bischofssitz; Kathedrale (anfangs des 12. Jahrh. in Anglo Normannischem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Llandaff [1] — Llandaff (spr. län däff), ehemals Stadt in Glamorganshire (Wales), 3 km nordwestlich von Cardiff, am Taff, Bischofssitz (seit dem 5. Jahrh.), mit schöner, 1843–69 restaurierter Kathedrale; seit 1888 mit Cardiff vereinigt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Llandaff [2] — Llandaff (spr. län däff), Henry Matthews, Lord, engl Staatsmann, geb. 1826 in Ceylon als Sohn eines dortigen Richters, studierte in Paris und London, wurde 1850 in London Rechtsanwalt und 1868 zum königlichen Rat (Queen s counsel) ernannt. In… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Llandaff — Infobox UK place official name= Llandaff local name= country= Wales static static image caption= Llandaff electoral ward of Cardiff population= 8,988 [http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/ObjView.asp?Object ID=498 Language= 2001 Key Statistics Llandaff… …   Wikipedia

  • Llandaff — ▪ former town, Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Llandaf        part of the city and county of Cardiff, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales. Formerly a separate town, Llandaff lies along the west bank of the River Taff about 2 miles (3 km) …   Universalium

  • Llandaff — Catedral de Llandaff. Llandaff es un distrito de la ciudad de Cardiff, y el nombre de una diócesis de la Iglesia de Gales (anglicana), que se extiende por la zona de mayor población del sur de Gales. La catedral de Llandaff es la más prestigiosa… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Llandaff — 51°29′36″N 3°12′48″O / 51.49333, 3.21333 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Llandaff North — ( cy. Ystum Taf), is part of Cardiff, the capital city of Wales. It is located in the north of Cardiff and can be considered a two part ward, each containing about half the population; a northern section of mainly middle class housing, and a… …   Wikipedia

  • Llandaff Rowing Club — is based on the River Taff in Llandaff, a district in the city of Cardiff, Wales. The Club was founded in 1946 and is affiliated to the Welsh Amateur Rowing Association (WARA). Location The boathouse and facilities are based on the River Taff, in …   Wikipedia

  • Llandaff Castle (1927) — Llandaff Castle Das baugleiche Schwesterschiff Llangibby Castle p1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”