Ancona and Umana

Ancona and Umana
Ancona and Umana
An Italian diocese in the Archdiocese of Ancona

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Ancona and Umana
    Ancona and Umana
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Ancona and Umana
    An Italian diocese in the Archdiocese of Ancona, comprising ten towns in the province of Ancona. It is an important seaport town, favourable for commerce between the East and Italy, across the Adriatic. Ancona must have had a Christian community within its walls at a very early date. Excavations made in the village of Varano, near Ancona, have brought to light a sepulchral stone with a Christian inscription. The character of the writing of the epitaph shows that it belongs to the end of the third century, and we are justified in believing that the church at Ancona did not possess catacombs, but an open burial place. For the purpose of proving the existence of a well-organized Christian community before the time of Constantine, Harnack [Die Mission, etc., (Leipzig, 1902), 501, 502] advances arguments that seem perfectly legitimate. Eusebius says (VI, 43) that the Roman Bishop Cornelius, in the year 250, held a synod of sixty Italian bishops against Novatian. It may be assumed that the jurisdiction of Rome as a metropolitan see, about the year 250, embraced not less than two hundred bishoprics, since all the bishops of a given territory did not attend the synods. It follows that Christians were found in all the more important cities, amongst which, of course, was Ancona. The city is under the protection of two saints, Primianus and Cyriacus, evidently very ancient, but their rank and the time they flourished are uncertain. In the year 462, Mark of Ancona came to the synod held under Pope Hilary; and in 465, to the new synod convoked by the same Pope came Philippus Numanatae. The two sees were united in 1422, at the time of Pope Martin V. From an archaeological point of view, besides the place of sepulture mentioned above, the cubiculum of the veteran Flavius Eventius, with a singular inscription and a magnificent mosaic of the fourth century, is worthy of mention, as is also the sarcophagus of Flavius Gorgonius, comes privatarum largitionum (count of the emperor's private largess), of the same century. There is also an "Evangelium Sancti Marcellini," in uncial characters, of the seventh century, preserved in the Chapter library. The Cathedral of Ancona, dedicated to St. Cyriacus, and standing in the highest part of the city, is in a style of architecture that has felt the direct influence of Oriental art. It was finished in the eleventh century and has a cupola with a quadrangular base like St. Fosca on the Venetian lagoons and St. Anthony at Padua.
    Ancona contains 37 parishes; 85 churches, chapels and oratories; 101 secular priests; 30 seminarians; 15 regular clergy; 8 lay brothers; 70 religious (women); 50 confraternities; 4 schools for boys (400 pupils), 5 schools for girls (250 pupils). Population 81,662.
    UGHELLI, Italia Sacra (Venice, 1721), I, 324; CAPPELLETTI, Le chiese d'Italia (Venice, 1866), VI, 9; GAMS, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae (Ratisbon, 1873), 664; CIARARINI, Sommario della storia d'Ancona (Ancona, 1867); MARONIUS, De Ecclesia et episcopis anconitanis commentarius in quo Ughelliana series emendatur, continuatur, illustratur (Rome, 1759); PERUZZI, Storia d'Ancona dalla fondazione all' anno 1832 (Pesaro, 1835); SPECIALI, Notizie istoriche de' santi protettori della citta d'Ancona, dei cittadini che con la loro santita l'hanno illustrata, della di lei cattedrale e vescovi della citta (Venice, 1759), s.v. Ancona, in Dict. d'arch. et de lit. (Paris, 1905); VENTURI, Storia dell' arte Italiana (Milan, 1901-02), I, 50; II, 360.
    Transcribed by John Fobian In memory of Joe Natoli

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Recanati and Loreto — • Diocese based around the province of Ancona in Central Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Recanati and Loreto     Recanati and Loreto      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • States of the Church — • Consists of the civil territory which for over 1000 years (754 1870) acknowledged the pope as temporal ruler Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. States of the Church     States of the Church …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Patrimonium Sancti Petri — The expression Patrimonium Sancti Petri, or shorter Patrimonium Petri, meaning Patrimony of (Saint) Peter , originally designated the landed possessions and revenues of various kinds that belonged to the Church of St. Peter (i.e. the Pope) at… …   Wikipedia

  • Papal conclave, 1799–1800 — The Papal conclave of 1799 1800 followed the death of Pope Pius VI on 29 August 1799 and led to the selection as pope of Giorgio Barnaba Luigi Chiaramonti, who took the name Pius VII, on 14 March 1800. The conclave, the last conclave to take… …   Wikipedia

  • List of religious leaders in 1220 — 1219 religious leaders Events of 1220 1221 religious leaders Religious leaders by yearSee also: List of state leaders in 1220 Buddhism*Karma Pakshi, Karmapa of the Karma Kagyu (1204 1283) *Kunga Gyeltsen, Sakya Master of Tibet (1216… …   Wikipedia

  • Luigi Fabbri — (1877 – 1935), was an Italian anarchist, writer, agitator and propagandist who was charged with defeatism during the World War I. He was the father of Luce Fabbri.Born in Fabriano (Ancona), Italy 1877, Fabbri was first sentenced for anarchist… …   Wikipedia

  • ITALIAN LITERATURE — Influence of the Bible As in other European cultures, the Bible became known to the Italian literary and cultural world through the Latin Vulgate, which was extensively studied in medieval times and, to a lesser extent, in the humanist period of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baia Loris — BAIA LORISBirth place = Italy, ItaliaResearcher,Scientist,Psychologist,Teacher. BiographyHe is a very well known scientist all over the world.He was born in Italy on 1962; he lives in Italy.He studied psychology, clinical psychology,… …   Wikipedia

  • Desiderius (König) — Desiderius († nach 786) war der letzte Langobardenkönig, er regierte von 757 bis 774. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Herkunft und Aufstieg 1.2 Herrschaft 1.3 Ende des Langobardenreiches …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”