Mansard, François

Mansard, François
Mansard, François
French architect, born in Paris, probably of Italian stock, in 1598; died there, 1666

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Mansard, Francois
    François Mansard
     Catholic_Encyclopedia François Mansard
    (Also spelled Mansart).
    French architect, born in Paris, probably of Italian stock, in 1598; died there, 1666. During at least the last thirty years of his life he exercised the greatest influence on the development of architecture. Among his contemporaries only Salomon de Brosse approached him in ability. Defects and oddities, so glaring as even to provoke published satires, for some time prevented him from obtaining commissions. He had so high a sense of true architecture that he hardly ever decided on a plan definitely at the outset, anticipating that improvements on the first conception would be sure to suggest themselves later on. Thus he lost the commission for building the Louvre, because nothing could induce him to submit detailed plans. Having built one wing of the château Maison-Lafitte (1642), he destroyed what had been built so as to rebuild it on what he thought a better plan, the ultimate result being the finest of all his non-ecclesiastical works. After beginning the finely planned abbey church of Val-de-Grâce (1645), his fastidious self-criticism made him leave the work, carried only as far as the ground plan, for others to finish. He is said, however, to have elsewhere executed what had been his design for this church. These two are regarded as his best works. To him are due, also, the design and construction of several châteaux — Fresnes Berny, Bercy, and others. At Paris he built, wholly or in part, the Hôtels Carnavalet, de La Vrillière, Mazarin, de Conti, and others, and the façade of the Feuillants, Dames de Ste-Marie, and Minimes. His work is characterized rather by the essential beauty of construction than by the adventitious charm of ornamentation, which, indeed, he employed sparingly. His style was influenced by Salomon de Brosse, but he also strove to follow the older Italian masters.
    Transcribed by Michael Tinkler In honor of Professor William Crelly

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • François Mansart — François Mansart, detail of a double portrait of Mansart and Claude Perrault, by Philippe de Champaigne …   Wikipedia

  • Mansard roof — redirects here. For the Vampire Weekend song, see Mansard Roof (song). A mansard roof on the Château de Dampierre (1675–1683), by Jules Hardouin Mansart, great nephew of François Mansart. A mansard or mansard roof (also called a French roof) is a …   Wikipedia

  • Francois Mansart — François Mansart Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mansart. François Mansart …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mansard, Jules — • French architect, grand nephew of François, was originally Jules Hardouin, but took the name of Mansard; was born in Paris, 1646; died at Marly 1708 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • mansard-roof — /manˈsärd roof/ noun A roof having its angle divided to slope more steeply in the lower part than in the upper (also manˈsard) ORIGIN: François Mansard or Mansart (1598–1666), French architect …   Useful english dictionary

  • François Mansart — François Mansart. François Mansart (eigentlich Nicolas François Mansart, auch Mansard; * 23. Januar 1598 in Paris; † 23. September 1666 in Paris) war ein französischer Architekt und Baumeister. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mansard — (spr. Mangsahr), 1) François, geb. 1598 in Paris u. starb daselbst 1666 als erster königlicher Baumeister. Viele Gebäude von ihm schmücken Paris, die Umgebung u. die Provinzen. An der Vollendung der Kirche Val de Grâce 1645 hinderten ihn seine… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mansard — (Mangsahr), Jules Hardouin, franz. Baumeister unter Ludwig XIV., geb. 1615 zu Paris, ward zuletzt Generaldirector der königl. Bauten und st. 1708 zu Marly. Seine vorzüglichsten Bauten sind das Schloß in Versailles, der Dom der Invaliden, die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • mansard — 1734, from Fr. mansarde, short for toit à la mansarde, a corrupt spelling, named for French architect Nicholas François Mansart (1598 1666), who made use of them …   Etymology dictionary

  • mansard — ► NOUN ▪ a roof having four sides, in each of which the lower part of the slope is steeper than the upper part. ORIGIN named after the 17th century French architect François Mansart …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”