The rectangular ornamented piece of material attached to the two front edges of the cope near the breast to prevent the vestment from slipping from the shoulders

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Morse
    (Lat. morsus).
    Also called the MONILLE, FIRMULA, FIRMULE, PECTOIRALE, originally the rectangular ornamented piece of material attached to the two front edges of the cope near the breast to prevent the vestment from slipping from the shoulders. Morses were provided with hook and eye, and were often richly ornamented with embroidery or precious stones. The name was also applied to metal clasps used instead of such pieces of woven fabric. As early as the eleventh century such metal clasps are found represented in miniatures and mentioned in inventories. These clasps, however, gradually lost their practical use and became were ornaments, which were sometimes sewn firmly to the flaps that served to fasten the cope, sometimes only attached to the flaps by hooks, so that, after the vestment had been worn, the clasps could be removed and cared for separately. This latter was especially the case when, as frequently happened at least in the later Middle Ages, the clasp was very heavy or very valuable. As early as the thirteen century inventories clasps which formed distinct ornaments in themselves. Many churches had a large number of such morses. They were generally made of silver covered with gold, and were ornamented with pearls, precious stones, enamel, niello-work, architectural designs, small, figures of saints, ornamental work in flowers and vines and similar designs. Such clasps were frequently the finest products of the goldsmith's art; they were generally either round, square, quatrefoil, or like a rosette in form; yet there were also more elaborate and at times peculiar shapes. Abundant proof of the desire for costly clasps for the cope is shown by the old inventories and by the numerous medieval morses preserved (especially in Germany) in churches and museums. According to present Roman usage the morse is reserved to Cardinals and bishops ("Caer. episc.", I, c. vii, n. 1; S. R. C:., 15 September, 1753).
    BOCK, Gesch. der liturg. Gewander des M. A. II (Bonn, 1866), 304 sq., BRAUN, Die liturg. Gewandung im. Occident u. Orient (Freiburg, 1907), 321 sqq.
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат
, (Trichechus rosmarus)

Look at other dictionaries:

  • morse — morse …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Morse — ist der Name mehrerer französischer U Boote, siehe Morse (Schiff) des Morse College an der Yale University der L Bahnstation Morse (CTA) der Red Line in Chicago Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Morse (Illinois) Morse (Iowa) Morse (Kalifornien)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morse — can refer to: Morse code, a method of coding messages into long and short beeps Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Buildings 4 Other uses …   Wikipedia

  • morse — MÓRSE subst, invar. (Şi în sintagma alfabet Morse) Cod telegrafic în care literele alfabetului sunt reprezentate prin puncte şi linii. ♦ (De obicei în sintagmele aparat sau telegraf Morse) Aparat cu care se transmit semnale telegrafice cu acest… …   Dicționar Român

  • morse — morse; pre·morse; re·morse; re·morse·ful; re·morse·less; re·morse·ful·ly; re·morse·ful·ness; re·morse·less·ly; re·morse·less·ness; …   English syllables

  • Morse — Morse, LA U.S. village in Louisiana Population (2000): 759 Housing Units (2000): 313 Land area (2000): 1.400671 sq. miles (3.627722 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.400671 sq. miles (3.627722 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Morse (Q 3) — Allgemeine Daten Schiffstyp: U Boot Marine: Französische Marine Indienststellung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • morse — sustantivo masculino 1. Método de telegrafía basado en un alfabeto que representa las letras mediante la combinación de rayas y puntos. código* morse. 2. Alfabeto que representa las letras mediante la combinación de rayas y puntos: enviar un… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Morse — Morse, n. [F. morse, Russ. morj ; perh. akin to E. mere lake; cf. Russ. more sea.] (Zo[ o]l.) The walrus. See {Walrus}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Morse —   [mɔːs], Samuel Finley Breese, amerikanischer Maler und Erfinder, * Charlestown (heute zu Boston, Massachusetts) 27. 4. 1791, ✝ New York 2. 4. 1872; Schüler von W. Allston und B. West in London. 1827 45 war er Präsident der von ihm… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”