Paul of Burgos

Paul of Burgos
Paul of Burgos
Spanish archbishop, lord chancellor and exegete (1351-1435)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Paul of Burgos
    Paul of Burgos
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Paul of Burgos
    A Spanish archbishop, lord chancellor and exegete, born at Burgos about 1351; died 29 Aug., 1435. He was the most wealthy and influential Jew of Burgos, a scholar of the first rank in Talmudic and rabbinical literature, and a Rabbi of the Jewish community. The irresistible logic of the Summa of St. Thomas led him to the Faith of Christ. He received Baptism, 21 July, 1390. His brothers Pedro Suares and Alvar Garcia, together with his daughter and four boys, aged from three to twelve years, were baptized with him. His wife Joanna died a Jewess shortly after. Paul de Santa Maria, as he was called, spent some years at the University of Paris, where he took his degree of doctor in theology. His sincerity, keen insight into human nature, thorough education, and soul-stirring eloquence marked him out as a prominent churchman of the future. In 1405 he became Bishop of Cartagena; in 1415, Archbishop of Burgos. In 1416 King Henry of Castile named him lord chancellor. After the king's death Archbishop Paul was a member of the council which ruled Castile in the name of the regent Doña Catalina, and by the will of the deceased king he was tutor to the heir to the throne — later John II of Castile. The published writings of Archbishop Paul were:
    ♦ (1) "Dialogus Pauli et Sauli contra Judæos, sive Scrutinium scripturarum" (Mantua, 1475; Mains, 1478; Paris, 1507, 1535; Burgos, 1591).
    ♦ (2) "Additiones" to the "Postilla" of Nicholas of Lyra (Nuremberg, 1481; 1485; 1487, etc.; Venice, 1481, 1482, etc.). It is chiefly on the latter work that Paul's reputation as an exegete rests. The "Additiones" were originally mere marginal notes written in a volume of the "Postilla" which he sent to his son Alfonso. Their publication aroused Matthias Döring, the provincial of the Saxon Franciscans, to publish his "Replicæ", a bitter rejection of almost half of the 1100 suggestions and additions Paul had made. The converted Jew was superior to Nicholas of Lyra in Hebrew, but not in Biblical interpretations; in fact, Paul erred in not admitting an inspired allegorical meaning of Holy Writ, prejudiced against it, no doubt, by the extravagance of Talmudic allegorical fancies.
    ♦ (3) "De nomine divino quæstiones duodecim" (Utrecht, 1707). These tracts are excerpts from the "Additiones" in regard to Exod., iii, and are joined to the scholia of J. Drusius on the correct pronunciation of the name of Jahweh.
    Archbishop Paul was succeeded in the See of Burgos by his second son, Alfonso.
    SANCTOTIS, Vita d. Pauli episcopi Burgensis; MARIANA, Historia general de España, IV (Barcelona, 1839), 324; ANTONIO, Biblioth. hispan. vetus, II (Madrid, 1788), 237.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paul of Burgos — (born at Burgos about 1351; died 29 August 1435) was a Spanish Jew who converted to Christianity, and became an archbishop, lord chancellor, and exegete. He is known also as Pablo de Santa Maria, Paul de Santa Maria, and Pauli episcopi Burgensis …   Wikipedia

  • Santa Maria, Paul de (Paul of Burgos; Solomon ha-Levi of Burgos) — (c. 1352 1435)    Spanish churchman. As Solomon ha Levi he served as a rabbi in Burgos. After converting to Christianity, he became bishop of Cartagena, and then of Burgos. He was partly responsible for the anti Jewish legislation enacted in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Paúl — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Paúl, o Paúl de Valdelucio, es la denominación de un antiguo municipio, código INE , corresponde a una localidad en Castilla la Vieja, hoy comunidad autónoma de Castilla y León, provincia de Burgos (España). Está… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paul — ist ein deutscher, englischer und französischer Vor und Nachname, dessen Ursprung der lateinische, männliche Vorname Paulus ist. Zur weiblichen Form des Vornamens siehe Paula. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Verbreitung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Scheinpflug — (* 10. September 1875 in Loschwitz bei Dresden; † 11. März 1937 in Memel) war ein deutscher Dirigent und Komponist. Scheinpflug studierte von 1890 bis 1894 am Dresdner Konservatorium, unter anderem bei Felix Draeseke. Nach kurzem Aufenthalt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul van Kempen — (* 16. Mai 1893 in Zoeterwoude, Südholland; † 8. Dezember 1955 in Amsterdam) war ein niederländisch deutscher Dirigent. Kempen studierte am Amsterdamer Konservatorium von 1910 13, Komposition und Dirigieren bei Julius Röntgen und Bernard Zweers,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Thiébault — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Retrato del general Thiébault. Paul Charles François Adrien Henri Dieudonné Thiébault (Berlín, Prusia, 14 de diciembre de 1769 París, 14 de octubre de 1846) fue un militar fra …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paul Van Nevel — (* 4. Februar 1946 in Hasselt) ist ein belgischer Dirigent, Musikwissenschaftler und Kunsthistoriker. Schwerpunkt seiner Arbeit ist die polyphone Chormusik des späten Mittelalters und der Renaissance. Paul Van Nevel In einer musikliebenden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Burgos — Para otros usos de este término, véase Burgos (desambiguación). Burgos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso, Bishop of Burgos — Alfonso of Burgos (1384 1456) was a humanist, diplomat, historian, and thinker of the Spanish Pre Renaissance. He served as Archbishop of Burgos from 1435 to 1456. He was the son of Paul of Burgos and his wife Joanna. His father was a convert to… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”