St. Eusebius (of Vercelli)

St. Eusebius (of Vercelli)
St. Eusebius (of Vercelli)
    St. Eusebius
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Eusebius
    Bishop of Vercelli, b. in Sardinia c. 283; d. at Vercelli, Piedmont, 1 August, 371. He was made lector in Rome, where he lived some time, probably as a member or head of a religious community (Spreitzenhofer, Die Entwickelung des alten Mönchtums in Italien, Vienna, 1894, 14 sq.), Later he came to Vercelle, the present Vercelli, and in 340 was unanimously elected bishop of that city by the clergy and the people. He received episcopal consecration at the hands of Pope Julius I on 15 December, of the same year. According to the testimony of St. Ambrose (Ep. lxiii, Ad Vercellenses) he was the first bishop of the West who united monastic with clerical life. He led with the clergy of his city a common life modelled upon that of the Eastern cenobites (St. Ambrose, Ep. lxxxi and Serm. lxxxix). For this reason the Canons Regular of St. Augustine honour him along with St. Augustine as their founder (Proprium Canon. Reg., 16 December).
    In 364 Pope Liberius sent Eusebius and Bishop Lucifer to Cagliari to the Emperor Constantius, who was then at Arles in Gaul, for the purpose of inducing the emperor to convoke a council which should put an end to the dissentions between the Arians ( see Arianism ) and the orthodox. The synod was held in Milan in 355. At first Eusebius refused to attend it because he foresaw that the Arian ( see Arianism ) bishops, who were supported by the emperor, would not accept the decrees of the Nicene council and would insist upon the condemnation of St. Athanasius. Being pressed by the emperor and the bishops to appear at the synod, he came to Milan, but was not admitted to the synod until the document condemning St. Athanasius had been drawn up and was awaiting the signature of the bishops. Eusebius vehemently protested against the unjust condemnation of St. Athanasius and, despite the threats of the emperor, refused to attach his signature to the document. As a result he was sent into exile, first to Scythopolis in Syria, where the Arian ( see Arianism ) bishop Patrophilus, whom Eusebius calls his jailer, (Baronius, Annal., ad ann. 356, n. 97), treated him very cruelly; then to Cappodocia, and lastly to Thebaid. On the accession of the Emperor Julian, the exiled bishops were allowed to return to their sees, in 362. Eusebius, however, and his brother-exile Lucifer did not at once return to Italy. Acting either by force of their former legatine faculties or, as is more probable, having received new legatine faculties from Pope Liberius, they remained in the Orient for some time, helping to restore peace in the Church. Eusebius went to Alexandria to consult with St. Athanasius about convoking the synod which in 362 was held there under their joint presidency. Besides declaring the Divinity of the Holy Ghost and the orthodox doctrine concerning the Incarnation, the synod agreed to deal mildly with the repentant apostate bishops, but to impose severe penalties upon the leaders of several of Arianizing factions. At its close Eusebius went to Antioch to reconcile the Eustathians and the Meletians. The Eustathians were adherents of the bishop St. Eustatius, who was deposed and exiled by the Arians ( see Arianism ) in 331. Since Meletius' election in 361 was brought about chiefly by the Arians ( see Arianism ), the Eustathians would not recognize him, although he solemnly proclamed his orthodox faith from the ambo after his episcopal consecration. The Alexandrian synod had desired that Eusebius should reconcile the Eustathians with Bishop Meletius, by purging his election of whatever might have been irregular in it, but Eusebius, upon arriving at Antioch found that his brother-legate Lucifer had consecrated Paulinus, the leader of the Eustathians, as Bishop of Antioch, and thus unwittingly had frustrated the pacific design. Unable to reconcile the factions at Antioch, he visited other Churches of the Orient in the interest of the orthodox faith, and finally passed through Illyricum into Italy. Having arrived at Vercelli in 363, he assisted the zealous St. Hilary of Poitiers in the suppression of Arianism in the Western Church, and was one of the chief opponents of the Arian ( see Arianism ) Bishop Auxientius of Milan. The church honours him as a martyr and celebrates his feast as a semi-double on 16 December. In the "Journal of Theological Studies" (1900), I, 302-99, E.A. Burn attributes to Eusebius the "Quicumque". (SEE ATHANSIAN CREED)
    Three short letters of Eusebius are printed in Migne, P.L., XII, 947-54 and X, 713-14. St. Jerome (De vir. ill., c. lvi, and Ep. li, n. 2) ascribes to him a Latin translation of a commentary on the Psalms, written originally in Greek by Eusebius of Cæsarea; but this work has been lost. There is preserved in the cathedral at Vercelli the "Codex Vercellensis", the earliest manuscript of the old Latin Gospels (codex a), which is generally believed to have been written by Eusebius. It was published by Irico (Milan 1748) and Bianchini (Rome, 1749), and is reprinted in Migne, P.L. XII, 9-948; a new edition was brought out by Belsheim (Christiania, 1894). Krüger (Lucifer, Bischof von Calaris", Leipzig, 1886, 118-30) ascribes to Eusebius a baptismal oration by Caspari (Quellen sur Gesch, Des Taufsymbols, Christiania, 1869, II, 132-40). The confession of faith "Des. Trinitate confessio", P.L., XII, 959-968, sometimes ascribed to Eusebius is spurious.
    BUTLER, Lives of the Saints, 15 Dec.; BARING-GOULD, Lives of the Saints, 15 Dec.; DAVIES, in Dict. Christ. Biogr.; St. Jerome, De viris illustribus, xcvi; FERRERIUS, Vita s, Eusebii episcopi Vercellensis (Vercelli, 1609); UGHELLI, Italia Sacra (Venice 1719), IV, 749-61; BARONIUS, Annalesad ann. 355-371; MORIN inRevue Benedictine (Maredsous, 1890), VII, 567-73; SAVIO, Gli antichi vescovi d'Italia (Piedmonte) (Turin, 1899), 412-20, 514-54; BARDENHEWER, Patrologie, Shahan Tr. (Freiburg im Br.; St. Louis, 1903), 417-18.
    Transcribed by C.A. Montgomery

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eusebius von Vercelli — Eusebius (Wandmalerei im Dom von Vercelli) Eusebius von Vercelli (* um 283 auf Sardinien; † 1. August 371 in Vercelli) war der erste Bischof von Vercelli und wurde von der katholischen Kirche heiliggesprochen. Im Arianismusstreit des 4.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eusebius, Saint \(Vercelli\) — • Bishop of Vercelli, exiled for defending St. Athanasius, anti Arian, martyr, d. 371 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Eusebius of Vercelli — Infobox Saint name=Saint Eusebius Bishop of Vercelli birth date=ca. 283 death date=death date|371|8|1|mf=y feast day=2 August; 15 December (General Roman Calendar, 1602 1728); 16 December (General Roman Calendar, 1728 1969) venerated in=Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Eusebius of Vercelli, Saint — ▪ bishop born 4th century, Sardinia died Aug. 1, 370/71, Vercelli, Italy; feast day August 2       noted supporter of St. Athanasius the Great (Athanasius, Saint) of Alexandria, Egypt, and restorer of the Nicene Creed, the orthodox doctrine… …   Universalium

  • Eusebius — (latinisierte Form) oder Eusebios. Von der griechischen Ursprungsform: εὐσεβής, eusebés – „fromm“, die den Beinamen der römischen Kaiser Antoninus Pius ins Griechische übersetzt, entsteht die erweiterte Form εὐσέβειος – „dem Kaiser Antoninus dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eusebius (disambiguation) — Eusebius may refer to:* Eusebius of Alexandria (6th century), Christian author * Eusebius of Angers (died 1081), bishop of Angers * Eusebius of Caesarea (260 341), bishop of Caesarea Maritima, famous church historian * Saint Eusebius of Cremona… …   Wikipedia

  • Vercelli — Vercelli …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vercelli — Infobox CityIT img coa =Vercelli Stemma.png official name = Comune di Vercelli region = Piedmont province = Province of Vercelli (VC) elevation m = 130 area total km2 = 79 population as of = 2004 12 04 population total = 44967 population density… …   Wikipedia

  • Eusebius von Emesa — Eusebios von Emesa (* um 295 in Edessa, Mesopotamien; † um 359 in Antiochia) war Theologe und Bischof von Emesa. Leben Eusebios entstammte einer angesehenen Familie in Edessa. Im Jahre 212 studierte er an der aufblühenden Theologenschule von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eusebius Bruno — • Bishop of Angers, b. in the early part of the eleventh century; d. at Angers, 29 August, 1081 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Eusebius Bruno     Eusebius Bruno      …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”