Its centre being Christchurch, the Capital of Canterbury, New Zealand. Diocese comprises the provinces of Canterbury and Westland, a small portion of the Province of Nelson, and the Chatham Islands

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Christchurch
    (Its centre being Christchurch, the Capital of Canterbury, New Zealand.) It comprises the provinces of Canterbury and Westland, a small portion of the Province of Nelson, and the Chatham Islands. In July, 1840, the French corvette l'Aube started for Akaroa (Canterbury) to land a body of settlers there, and to annex to France the South Island of New Zealand. The former project was accomplished; the latter was frustrated by lieutenant-governor Hobson. Having ascertained the destination and purpose of the expedition, he raced the corvette to Akaroa in the warship Britomart and, four days before the arrival of the French settler, proclaimed the south Island British territory. The first English colonists (the "Canterbury Pilgrims") landed at Lyttelton 16 December, 1850. They, and many that followed them, were sent out by the Canterbury Association, a High Church organization whose colonizing scheme was described by Low churchmen as a "Puseyite invasion of New Zealand". The Canterbury concessions (nearly 3,000,000 fertile acres) were intended to be and remain a great Anglican monopoly. This, however, was prevented by the Constitution Act of 1852. In all Canterbury, including Akaroa, there were 136 Catholics in 1851. During the first two decades they were ministered to by the Marist Fathers Comte, Pesant, Tripe, Séon, Petitjean, and others. In 1860 Christchurch received its first resident priest, Father Chataignier, S.M. On 11 September of that year he laid the foundations of the first church in Canterbury, a wooden structure, 28 by 18 ft. A more spacious church was erected in 1864. Enlarged and beautified by Father Ginary, S. M., this subsequently served as a pro-cathedral from 1887 till 1905. On the discovery of gold in 1864 there was a great influx of people to Westland, which led to the formation of missions in Hokitika, Greymouth, and elsewhere on the West coast. The Diocese of Christchurch, formerly part of the Diocese of Wellington, was established by papal Brief, 10 May, 1887. On his arrival in Christchurch there were in the diocese 35 churches, 16 schools, 7 convents, and 17 priests (8 secular and 9 Marists). The history of the diocese since then is one of closer organization and steady progress. The Marist Brothers and the Sisters of Nazareth were introduced; new parochial districts formed; 30 churches built or enlarged; 15 presbyteries, 9 schools, 10 convents, and 3 monasteries (Marist Brothers) erected; and a white stone cathedral, one of the most beautiful religious edifices in Australasia, was opened 12 February, 1905.
    Statistics (August, 1907)
    Parochial districts, 21; priests 38 (20 Marists, 18 seculars); Marist Brothers, 13; nuns, 150; convents, 17; Marist Brothers' monasteries, 3; boarding schools (girls), 6; primary schools, 30; charitable institutions, 2 (Nazareth Home and a great Magdalen Asylum); Catholic population, about 25,000.
    MORAN, History of the Catholic church in Australasia (Sydney, s.d.); POMPALLIER, Early History of the Catholic church in Oceania (Auckland, 1888); THOMSON, The Story of New Zealand (2 vols., London, 1859); JOSE, History of Australasia (Sydney, 1901); New Zealand Tablet, files.
    Transcribed by Ted Rego Dedicated to the "Kiwi" which we have learnt to love.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christchurch — Christchurch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christchurch F.C. — Christchurch Full name Christchurch Football Club Nickname(s) The Priory Founded 1885 …   Wikipedia

  • CHRISTCHURCH — Principale ville de l’île du Sud de la Nouvelle Zélande, Christchurch, dont l’agglomération était estimée à 293 000 habitants en 1992, est située au débouché de la plaine de Canterbury, à quelques kilomètres de la côte orientale. La ville a été… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Christchurch B&B — (Крайстчёрч,Новая Зеландия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 3/186 Chester street East, 801 …   Каталог отелей

  • Christchurch —   [ kraisttʃəːtʃ], größte Stadt auf der Südinsel Neuseelands, an der Ostküste am Rand der Canterburyebene, 331 400 Einwohner; Sitz eines anglikanischen Erzbischofs und eines katholischen Bischofs; Universität (gegründet 1873), Canterbury Museum,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Christchurch — (spr. Kristtschörtsch), Stadt am Stour u. Avon in der englischen Grafschaft Southhampton; gothische Kirche, starker Lachs u. anderer Fischfang, ohne Handel u. Fabriken; 7500 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Christchurch — (spr. kraist tschörtsch), 1) Stadt (municipal borough) in Hampshire (England), an der Mündung des Avon und Stour in den Englischen Kanal, mit stattlicher anglonormannischer Abteikirche (darin ein Denkmal des Dichters Shelley), Fabrikation von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Christchurch — (spr. kreisttschörtsch), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Hampshire, am Stour und Avon, (1901) 4204 E. – C., Stadt auf der Südinsel Neuseelands, (1901) 57.041 E.; Universität. Hafen ist Lyttelton (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Christchurch — es una ciudad de Nueva Zelanda, fundada en 1850 y ubicada aproximadamente a 300 kilómetros al sur de la capital, Wellington en la costa este de la Isla Sur, en la provincia de Canterbury. La ciudad fue el resultado de una política programada de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Christchurch — [krīst′chʉrch′] city on the E coast of South Island, New Zealand: pop. 318,000 …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”