Libera Me

Libera Me
Libera Me
The responsory sung at funerals

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Libera Me
    Libera Me
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Libera Me
    (Domine, de morte aeterna, etc.).
    The responsory sung at funerals. It is a responsory of redundant form, having two versicles ("Tremens factus sum" and "Dies illa"). As in all the Office for the Dead, the verse "Requiem aeternam" takes the place of "Gloria Patri"; then all the first part, down to the first versicle, is repeated. Its form therefore is exceptional, considerably longer than the normal responsory. It is a prayer in the first person singular for mercy at the Last Day. This should no doubt be understood as a dramatic substitution; the choir speaks for the dead person. A great part of our Office for the Dead is made up of such prayers about the Last Day, the meaning of which appears to refer rather to the people who say them than to the dead (the sequence "Dies irae", most of the Vespers, Matins, and Lauds).
    Another dramatic substitution is involved in the prayers of this responsory (and throughout the Office for the Dead) that the person for whom we pray may be saved from hell. That question was settled irrevocably as soon as he died. This is one instance of the dramatic displacement or rearrangement of the objective order of things that occurs continually in all rites (compare for instance in the baptism service the white robe and shining light given after the essential form, in the ordination of priest the power to forgive sins given after the man has been ordained and has concelebrated, the Epiclesis in Eastern liturgies, etc.). The explanation of all these cases is the same. Since we cannot express everything at one instant, we are forced to act and speak as if things really simultaneous followed each other in order. And in the eternity of God all things (including our consecutive prayers) are present at once — nunc stans aeternitas. The responsory "Libera me" is begun by a cantor and continued by the choir in the usual way (the cantor alone singing the versicles) at the beginning of the "Absolution", that is the service of prayers for the dead person said and sung by the bier immediately after the Mass for the Dead. As soon as Mass is over the celebrant exchanges his chasuble for a (black) cope (all the sacred ministers of course take off their maniples) and chants the prayer "Non intres in judicium". Then "Libera me" is sung. Meanwhile the celebrant puts incense into the thurible, assisted by the deacon ( see Deacons ). During the whole Absolution the subdeacon stands at the head of the bier, facing the altar, with the processional cross.
    The ninth responsory of Matins for the Dead also begins with "Libera me", but continues a different text (Domine, de viis inferni, etc.). This is built up according to the usual arrangement (with "Requiem aeternam" instead of "Gloria Patri"). But on All Souls' Day (2 November), and whenever the whole Office of nine lessons is said, the "Libera me" of the Absolution is substituted for it. The Vatican Gradual gives the new chant for the "Libera me" after the Mass for the Dead.
    Transcribed by Michael T. Barrett Dedicated to the Poor Souls in Purgatory

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Libera (Chœur) — Libera est un groupe vocal composé de garçons, dirigé par Robert Prizeman, dont le nom provient de leur chanson Libera, basée sur le Libera Me de la messe de Requiem. La plupart des garçons de Libera proviennent du chœur de la paroisse St.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Libera (chœur) — Libera est un ensemble maîtrisien britannique composé de garçons, pour la plupart issus du chœur de la paroisse St. Philips de Norbury, au sud de Londres, et dirigé par Robert Prizeman. Sommaire 1 Historique 2 Discographie 2.1 Singles …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Libera! — Tipo ONG Fundación 2004 Sede España Ámbito Derechos de los animales …   Wikipedia Español

  • libera — ⇒LIBERA, subst. masc. RELIG. [Aux enterrements, dans la liturg. cath.] Répons commençant par les paroles latines libera me, Domine qui est entonné devant le cercueil à l absoute. Chanter un libera, le libera (Ac.). P. méton. Cérémonie de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • libera — LIBERÁ, liberez, vb. I. 1. tranz. şi refl. (pop.) A da drumul sau a pleca acasă după efectuarea stagiului militar, a unei concentrări etc. 2. tranz. (înv.) A elibera (o ţară, un popor). – Din fr. libérer, lat. liberare. Trimis de LauraGellner …   Dicționar Român

  • Libéra — Libéra, Libera C est dans la Marne que le nom a toujours été le plus répandu (au moins depuis le XVIIe siècle). Le dictionnaire de M. T. Morlet, qui le situe curieusement en Bretagne, y voit le surnom d un chantre (d après le Pater : Libera nos a …   Noms de famille

  • Libera — Libéra, Libera C est dans la Marne que le nom a toujours été le plus répandu (au moins depuis le XVIIe siècle). Le dictionnaire de M. T. Morlet, qui le situe curieusement en Bretagne, y voit le surnom d un chantre (d après le Pater : Libera nos a …   Noms de famille

  • Libera — may refer to: * Libera (mythology), a Roman goddess of fertility and wife of Liber * Libera (music), a boy choir from London * Libera me , a movement of the Requiem * Libera, a song by Italian artist Mia Martini …   Wikipedia

  • Libera me — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Libera Me est une prière traditionnelle catholique. Libera Me est un film réalisé par Alain Cavalier en 1993. Libera Me est un film réalisé par Yun ho… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Libera — ist eine Göttin der römischen Mythologie. Sie war der weibliche Gegenpart von Liber, dem Gott der Fruchtbarkeit und des Weines.[1] Zusammen mit Ceres und Liber bildete sie die Aventinische Trias. Ihre Entsprechung in der eleusinischen Trias war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”