Located near Edinburgh, the second of the six Cistercian monasteries established by St. David, King of Scotland

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Newbattle
    (Neubotle, i.e. new dwelling).
    Newbattle, in the ancient Diocese of St. Andrews, about seven miles from Edinburgh, was founded about 1140, being the second of the six Cistercian Monasteries established by St. David, King of Scotland. Newbattle Abbey was a filiation of Melrose (itself a daughter of Clairvaux) and was situated, according to Cistercian usages, in a beautiful valley along the South Esk. Rudolph, its first abbot, a strict and severe observer of the rule, devoted himself energetically to the erection of proper buildings. The church, cruciform in shape, was two hundred and forty feet in length, and the other buildings in proportion; for the community numbered at one period as many as eighty monks and seventy lay-brothers. The abbey soon became prosperous, and famous for the regularity of its members, several of whom became well-known bishops. It was especially dear to the kings of Scotland, scarcely one of whom failed to visit it from time to time, and they were always its generous benefactors. One of the principal sources of income was the coal mines in its possession, for these monks were among the first, if not thc first, coal miners in Scotland. The earliest mention of coal in Scotland is to be found in a charter of an Earl of Winchester, granting to them a coal mine. Newbattle suffered much from English incursions at various times, particularly in 1385, when the monastery and church were burned, and the religious either carried away, or forced to flee to other monasteries; it required forty years to repair these losses. A part of the monastery was again destroyed by the Earl of Hertford, but the destruction seems to have been chiefly confined to the church. At the time of the Protestant Reformation but few of the monks remained, and these were pensioned by the commendator, Mark Kerr, ancestor of the Lothian family, its present owners. The stones of the church were used to convert the monastic buildings into a secular house.
    MANRIQUE, Annales Cistercienses (Lyons, 1642); DODSWORTH AND DUGDALE, Monasticon Anglicanum (1661); REGIS, S. M. de Neubotle; New Statistical Account of Scotland, vol. I; BARRETT, The Scottish Cistercians (Edinburgh).
    Transcribed by Joseph McIntyre

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Newbattle — (from Neubotle, i.e. new dwelling) is a village in Midlothian, in the ancient Roman Catholic Diocese of St. Andrews, about seven miles from Edinburgh. There was an abbey there founded about 1140, being the second of the six Cistercian Monasteries …   Wikipedia

  • Newbattle —    NEWBATTLE, a parish, in the county of Edinburgh; containing, with the villages of Easthouses and Newton Grange, 2033 inhabitants, of whom 159 are in the village of Newbattle, 1 mile (S.) from Dalkeith. This place, which forms a kind of suburb… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Newbattle — (spr. njūbättl), Gemeinde in Edinburghshire (Schottland), am Esk, 1,6 km südlich von Dalkeith, mit (1891) 2843 Einw. Dabei N. Abbey, Sitz des Marquis von Lothian, ehemalige Cistercienserabtei, 1140 gegründet …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Newbattle Community High School — Challenge Location Dalkeith, Midlothian …   Wikipedia

  • Newbattle Abbey — Monastery information Order Cistercian Established 1140 Dis …   Wikipedia

  • Newbattle Abbey — Zisterzienserabtei Newbattle Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich  Vereinigtes Königreich Schottland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbot of Newbattle — The Abbot of Newbattle (later, Commendator of Newbattle) was the head of the Cistercian monastic community of Newbattle Abbey, Midlothian. It was founded by David I of Scotland in 1140. List of abbots* Radulf, 1140 1147x1150 * Amfrid, 1159 1179 * …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Leighton (prelate) — this article is about the 17th century scholar and preacher Robert Leighton. For other people with the same name, see Robert Leighton Infobox Person name = Robert Leighton image size = 200px caption = A. W. Warren s 1825 depiction of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Marquess of Lothian — For early Earldom of Lothian, see Earl of Dunbar Arms of the Marquess of Lothian Marquess of Lothian is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1701 for Robert Kerr, 4th Earl of Lothian. The Marquess of Lothian holds the subsidiary… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashleigh Gray — is a British musical theatre performer who has worked on UK tours and is currently appearing as the standby for the role of Elphaba in the London production of Wicked . Early lifeGray was born in Fife, Scotland and educated at Newbattle Community …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”