A name originally given in the Eastern Church to bishops whose jurisdiction was confined to rural districts

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Chorepiscopi
    (Greek Chorepiskopoi = rural bishops.)
    A name originally given in the Eastern Church to bishops whose jurisdiction was confined to rural districts. The earliest chorepiscopus of whom we have any knowledge was Zoticus, whom Eusebius designates as bishop of the village Cumana in Phrygia in the latter half of the second century. In the beginning the chorepiscopi seem to have exercised all episcopal functions in their rural districts, but from the second half of the third century they were subject to the city bishops. The thirteenth canon of the Synod of Ancyra (314) and the tenth canon of the Synod of Antioch (341) forbade them to ordain deacons ( see Deacons ) or priests without the written permission of the bishop; the sixth canon of the Synod of Sardica (343) decreed that no chorepiscopus should be consecrated where a priest would suffice; and the fifty-seventh canon of the Synod of Laodicea (380) prescribed that the chorepiscopi should be replaced by periodeutai, i.e., priests who have no fixed residence and act as organs of the city bishops. Thus the chorepiscopi in the Eastern Church gradually disappeared. The Second Council of Nicaea (787) is the last to make mention of them. Among the Nestorians they existed till the thirteenth century, and they still exist among the Maronites and Jacobites. In the Western Church they are of rare occurrence before the seventh century, and, as a rule, have no fixed territory or see, being mere assistants of the bishops. Their ever-increasing influence during the Carlovingian period led to repeated synodical legislations against them (Synods of Paris in 829, Aachen in 836, Meaux in 845), so that despite such able defenders of their cause as Rabanus Maurus ("De chorepiscopis", in P.L., CX., 1195-1206) they gradually disappeared in the tenth and eleventh centuries, and were replaced by the archdeacons.
    BERGERE, Etude historique sur les choreveques (Paris, 1905); GILLMANN, Das Institut der Chorbischofe im Orient (Munich, 1903); PARISOT, Les choreveques in Revue de l'Orient chretien, VI (Paris, 1901), 157-171, 419-443; GRISAR in Civilta Cattolica (Rome, 15 Oct., 1904; 25 Jan., 1905; 18 March, 1905); LECLERCQ, La legislation conciliaire relative aux choreveques in his tr. of HEFELE, Conciliengeschichte, III (Paris, 1908), 1197-1237; WEIZACKER, Der Kampf gegen den Chorepiscopat des frankischen Reichs (Tubingen, 1859).
    Transcribed by Herman F. Holbrook Omnes sancti Pontifices et Confessores, orate pro nobis.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chorepiscŏpi — (gr.), so v. w. Chorbischöfe …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chorepiscŏpi — (lat.), soviel wie Chorbischöfe …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chorepiscopi — Chorepiscopus Cho re*pis co*pus, n.; pl. {Chorepiscopi}. [L., fr. Gr. ?; chw^ros, chw ra, place, country + ? bishop. Cf. {Bishop}.] (Eccl.) A country or suffragan bishop, appointed in the ancient church by a diocesan bishop to exercise episcopal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chorepiscopi — Bishops whose powers were limited or restricted …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • False Decretals — • A name given to certain apocryphal papal letters contained in a collection of canon laws composed about the middle of the ninth century by an author who uses the pseudonym of Isidore Mercator, in the opening preface to the collection Catholic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chorbishop — Part of a series on Eastern Christianity …   Wikipedia

  • CHOREPISCOPUS — quasi τȏυ χωροῦ, i.e. ruris Episcopus. Reperitur sub nascenti Ecclesia, sed incertâ origine, licet ab exemplo 70. Diaconorum, secundum Damasum, deductâ. Ideo institutus, vel potius substitutus, ut dum Episcopus civitatem, hic rus et villas, ut… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Asia Minor — • The peninsular mass that the Asiatic continent projects westward of an imaginary line running from the Gulf of Alexandretta (Issus) on the Mediterranean to the vicinity of Trebizond (Trapezus) on the Black Sea Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Dean — • One of the principal administrative officials of a diocese Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dean     Dean     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Holy Orders — • The sacrament by which grace and spiritual power for the discharge of ecclesiastical offices are conferred. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Holy Orders     Holy Orders      …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”